Newborn resuscitation, cardiopulmonary resuscitation of older children

Authors: Hrdlička René
Authors‘ workplace: Dětské oddělení Oblastní nemocnice Kolín a. s., nemocnice Středočeského kraje
Published in: Čes-slov Pediat 2022; 77 (2): 94-102.
Category: Chapters for Specialization in Pediatrics


Current resuscitation guidelines are based on consensual opinions and medical guidelines from 2020. They were published as the European resuscitation council’s guidelines in 2021. A separate chapter is dedicated to paediatric resuscitation. It examines the resuscitation of the age category between 0 and 18 years, with the exception of newborn shortly after birth. The resuscitation of newborn shortly after birth is studied in another separate chapter. Practices of basic and advanced paediatric resuscitation with particular focus on the respiratory and blood flow ensuring are also mentioned in the article. As for the neonatal resuscitation, the therapeutic procedures in delivery rooms and subsequent provision of care for newborns with problems of postnatal adaptation are examined. Finally, the criteria of non-initiation of resuscitation as well as its discontinuation are presented.


Resuscitation – Breathing – newborn – children – circulation


1. Goyal A, Sciammarella JC, Cusick AS, Patel PH. Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation. 2021 Jun 8. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing 2021. PMID: 29261985.

2. Moezzi M, Aftshari G, Rahim F, et al. Outcomes of cardiopulmonary resuscitation and its predictors in hospitalized patients. Clin Med Rev Case Rep 2020; 7: 309. doi: 10.23937/2378-3656/1410309

3. Song F, Sun S, Ristagno G, et al. Delayed high-quality CPR does not improve outcomes. Resuscitation 2011; 82: S52– S55.

4. Pembeci K, Yildirim A, Turan E, et al. Assessment of the success of cardiopulmonary resuscitation attempts performed in a Turkish university hospital. Resuscitation 2006; 68: 221–229.

5. Djakow J. Neodkladná resuscitace u dětí. Pediatr Praxi 2018; 19(3): 159–165.

6. Berg RA, Nadkarni VM, Clark AE, et al.; Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Collaborative Pediatric Critical Care Research Network. Incidence and outcomes of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in PICUs. Crit Care Med 2016; 44(4): 798–808. doi: 10.1097/CCM.0000000000001484

7. Dostál P, et al. Základy umělé plicní ventilace. Praha: Maxdorf 2005.

8. David D. Historie resuscitace. Urgentní medicína 2009; 12(3): 34–35.

9. P okorný J. Profesor Peter J. Safar, MD (1924–2003) – neuvěřitelná životní dráha. Anest Intenziv Med 2007; 18(5): 305–314.

10. Safar P, Brown TC, Holtey WJ, Wilder RJ. Ventilation and circulation with closed-chest cardiac massage in man. JAMA 1961; 176(7): 574–576. doi: 10.1001/jama.1961.03040200010003

11. Perkins GD, Graesner JT, Semeraro F, Olasveengen T, et al.; European Resuscitation Council Guideline Collaborators. European Resuscitation Council Guidelines 2021: Executive summary. Resuscitation 2021; 161: 1–60. doi: 10.1016/j. resuscitation.2021. 02. 003. Erratum in: Resuscitation 2021; 163: 97–98.

12. Truhlář A, Černá Pařízková R, Dizon JML, et al. Doporučené postupy pro resuscitaci ERC 2021: Souhrn doporučení. Anest Intenz Med 2021; 32(Suppl. A): 72.

13. Dieckmann RA, Brownstein D, Gausche-Hill M. The pediatric assessment triangle: a novel approach for the rapid evaluation of children. Pediatr Emerg Care 2010; 26(4): 312–5. doi: 10.1097/PEC.0b013e3181d6db37.

14. Astapenko D, Černý V. Kapilární návrat – klinické vyšetření přítomnosti cirkulační koherence? Anest Intenziv Med 2019; 30: 190–191.

15. Miller S, Lee H, Gould J. Hypothermia in very low birth weight infants: distribution, risk factors and outcomes. J Perinatol 2011; 31: S49–S56. doi: 10.1038/jp.2010.177.

16. Větr M. Laboratorní a klinické ukazatele stavu novorozence po porodu. Čes Gynek 2010; 75(5): 447–454.

17. Gutierrez AO, Velasquez RME, Iriarte MT. Analysis of clinical course in term patients with early and delayed umbilical cord clamping after birth. Int J Pediatr Neonatol 2010.

18. Jacobs SE, Berg M, Hunt R, et al. Cooling for newborns with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2013; 31(1).

Neonatology Paediatrics General practitioner for children and adolescents
Forgotten password

Don‘t have an account?  Create new account

Forgotten password

Enter the email address that you registered with. We will send you instructions on how to set a new password.


Don‘t have an account?  Create new account