COVID-19 pandemic of the pediatric population in the Ústí nad Labem region


Authors: Vičar Josef 1;  Patrasová Eva 2;  Balatka Vojtěch 1
Authors‘ workplace: Dětská klinika Fakulty zdravotnických studií Univerzity J. E. Purkyně v Ústí nad Labem a Krajské zdravotní, a. s. – Masarykova nemocnice v Ústí nad Labem, o. z. 1;  Protiepidemický odbor, Krajská hygienická stanice Ústeckého kraje 2
Published in: Čes-slov Pediat 2022; 77 (2): 103-114.
Category: Original Papers

Overview

Objective: To describe the severity of COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019) infections within the cohort of all infected children registered in the Ústí region from the pandemic origin until the 31th March 2021.

Methods: A retrospective study based on data obtained from the Public Health Office of the Ústí nad Labem region, the National Information System of infectious diseases and hospitals in the Ústí nad Labem region.

Results: By 31 March 2021, 15,395 cases of covid-19 aged 0-18 were registered in the Ústí region, which made up 14% of all infected patients. A total of 5650 children were asymptomatic (36,7 %), most commonly in an age range of 0-9 years (46,0 %). The remaining patients had mild symptoms and only 75 children were admitted to for hospital care. Three children died of respiratory failure, all of which had severe comorbidities. Three children were diagnosed with Pediatric Inflammatory Multisystem Syndrome Temporally associated with SARS-CoV-2 (PIMS-TS). The proportion of asymptomatic children decreased during the months of alpha mutation spreading, however this did not affect the number of hospitalized patients.

Conclusion: Severe cases of COVID-19 occurring in children were rare events during the study period. A total of 75 children (0,49 %) were admitted for hospital care due to COVID-19 infections. Nine children were in severe clinical conditions, of which seven had major comorbidities and three died.

Keywords:

hospitalization – mortality – COVID-19 – pneumonia – children


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Neonatology Paediatrics General practitioner for children and adolescents
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