Tracheal Gas Insufflation - a Suitable Supplement of Artificial Pulmonary Ventilation of Pae-diatric Patients with Severe Respiratory Failure


Authors: M. Fedora ;  M. Šeda ;  M. Klimovič ;  R. Nekvasil ;  P. Dominik
Authors‘ workplace: ARO a ECMO centrum Fakultní dětské nemocnice, Brno, přednosta ARO prim. MUDr. M. Klimovičvedoucí ECMO centra doc. MUDr. R. Nekvasil, CSc.
Published in: Čes-slov Pediat 1999; (10): 539-543.
Category:

Overview

Objective:
To test the effect of tracheal gas insufflation - TGI - on exchange of blood gases (in particular PaCO2)in children with severe respiratory failure.Type of study: Prospective observational study.Site: ARO and ECMO centre of Paediatric Faculty Hospital Brno.Patients: Eight children with acute hypoxaemic respiratory failure and marked hypercapnia.Methods: The patients were connected to a PCV or PRVC regime, oxygenation was optimalised by increasingthe mean airway pressure (Paw) by increasing PEEP with a limited peak pressure (PIP) and the lowest necessaryFiO2. They were ventilated by tidal volumes < 10 ml/kg, the minute ventilation was increased by the respiratoryrate (RR). When PaCO2 < 10.0 kPa and/or pH < 7.20 was achieved, the authors introduced continuous trachealgas insufflation, the gas flow through the catheter was between 150 and 200 ml/kg/min. Values of pH, PaO2, PaCO2,PaO2 /FiO2, the oxygenation index and ventilation index were recorded. Using the paired t-test, the mean values ofparameters at time 0 and during the third hour of TGI were evaluated.Results: Within 3 hours of TGI the pH rose from 7.25 to 7.42 (p = 0.0002), PaCO2 dropped from 10.58 to 4.79kPa (p < 0.0001) and the ventilation index from 76.3 to 33.9 (p < 0.002). Changes of PaO 2, PaO2 /FiO2 and OI arenot statistically significant.Conclusion: TGI eliminates effectively CO2, improves alveolar ventilation and has no effect on oxygenation. Itis a suitable therapeutic supplement of conventional mechanical ventilation of patients with severe respiratoryfailure with hypercapnia.

Key words:
tracheal gas insufflation, respiratory failure, CO2 elimination, children

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Labels
Neonatology Paediatrics General practitioner for children and adolescents
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