Risks and Prevention of Osteoporosis in Czech Children

Authors: D. Hrubá
Authors‘ workplace: Ústav preventivního lékařství LF MU, Brno, přednostka doc. MUDr. D. Hrubá, CSc.
Published in: Čes-slov Pediat 1999; (10): 579-583.


The aim of our study
focused on prevention of osteoporosis was to assess the prevalence of selected risk factorsin two samples of Czech children, calcium intake, smoking and alcohol consumption. In a sample of 980 childrenof two age groups, junior and senior school age, we found an inadequate intake of calcium, 723 mg and 646 mg injunior and senior aged children, resp. This intake seems is only 66 and 54 % of RDA in juniors and seniors, resp.,that means an absolutely insufficient daily amount.In a group of 6050 children a significant increase of regular smokers was been observed: 3.0 % children smokedregularly when they were 11 years old and 16.6 % children at their age 14 years. During the same period also theprevalence of those who reported drinking of alcoholic beverages almost doubled: from 38.7 % to 61.0 %. It maybe expected, that osteoporosis will be an important and public health problem in the middle of the next century.

Key words:
prevention of osteoporosis, calcium intake, smoking in children, alcohol consumption in children

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Neonatology Paediatrics General practitioner for children and adolescents
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