Surrogate maternity – literature review and practice

Authors: L. Pilka 1,2;  D. Rumpík 2;  R. Pilka 3;  M. Koudelka 1;  L. Prudil 4
Authors‘ workplace: Reprofit International, Brno 1;  Klinika reprodukční medicíny a gynekologie, Zlín 2;  Klinika gynekologie a porodnictví, LF UP, Olomouc 3;  Ústav sociálního lékařství a veřejného zdravotnictví, LF MU, Brno 4
Published in: Čes. Gynek.2009, 74, č. 2 s. 144-147
Category: Original Article


This review summarizes opinions on surrogacy including internatinal and governmental organizations attitudes, as well as some religious concerns.

Literature review.

Reprofit International, Brno, Reproductive medicine and gynecology centre, Zlin, Department of obstetrics and gynecology, Palacky University, Olomouc.

The developments in the field of assissted reproduction during the last twenty years have attracted unexpected public interest in some of its ethical and moral aspects. It is very difficult to find a uniform attitude to ethical concerns of assisted conception in plural society.

Surrogate mother is defined as a woman who bears and relinquishes a child for another person.

The european congress on human reproduction in Barcelona 2008 adopted following résumé on surrogacy: Public opinion has shifted to a position where surrogacy is recognized as an appropriate response to infertility in some circumstances and it is to be expected that this approach will be further strenghtened with stress on positive aspects of familiar life.

Key words:
surrogacy, human reproduction, ethical aspects.


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2. Edwards, RG. Fertilization of human egg in vitro: moral, ethics and the law. Q Rev Biol, 1974, 49 p. 3-26.

3. Schenker, JG. Assisted reproduction practice in Europe: legal and ethical aspects. Hum Reprod Update, 1997, 2, p. 173-184.

4. FIGO. FIGO deliberation. Int J Gynecol Obstet 1997, 57, p. 95-99.

5. Utian, WH., Sheean, L., Goldfarb, JM., Kiwi, R. Successful pregnancy after in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer from an infertile woman to a surrogate. N Engl J Med, 1985, 313, p. 1351-132.

6. Schenker, JG. Surrogate maternity. Rev Child Obstet Ginecol 1989;54:103-4.

7. Bromham, DR. Surrogacy: ethical, legal, and social aspects. J Assist Reprod Genet, 1995, 2, p. 509-516.

8. Benshushan, A., Schenker, JG. Legitimizing surrogacy in Israel. Hum Reprod, 1997, 12, p. 1832-1834.

9. Fasouliotis, SJ., Schenker, JG. Ethics and assisted reproduction, Eur J Obstet Gynec Reprod Biol, 2000, 90, p. 171-180.

10. Reilly, DR. Canadian Medical Association or its licensors, 2007, p. 483-485.

11. Prentis, D. Asistovaná reprodukce – v čem spočívá její zlo a proč se propaguje? Bioetika, 2008, 1-2, s. 46-49.

12. Dostál, J. Etické a právní aspekty asistované reprodukce. Olomouc 2007, s. 84-86.

13. Damello, J., Sorensen, K. Enhancing autonomy in paid surrogacy. Bioethics, 2008, 22, p. 269-277.

14. Poote, AE., Van den Akker, OBA. British women@s attitudes to surrogacy. Human Reprod, 2008, p. 1-7.

15. Van Den Akker, OBA. Psychological traits and state characteristics, social support and attitudes to the surrogate pregnancy and baby. Human Reprod, 2007, 22, 8, p. 2287-2295.

16. Konečná, H. Vznik vztahu k dítěti – biologická vs. psychosociální determinace. Prakt Gyn, 2008, 12 S4, s. 294 (abstrakt).

17. Drabiak, K., Wegner, C., et al. Ethics, Law, and Commercial Surrogacy: A Call for Uniformity. J Law Med Ethics, 2008, p. 300-309.

18. IFFS Surveillance 07. Fertil Steril, 2007, 87, Sup.1, S3-S67.

19. Mitlöhner, M. Náhradní mateřství. Plánování rodiny a reprodukční zdraví, 1998, 1, s. 55-56.

20. Režňáková, M. Rodinné právo mezinárodně. Plánování rodiny a reprodukční zdraví, 1998, 2, s. 59-60.

21. Zvěřina, J. Feminismus. Plánování rodiny a reprodukční zdraví, 1998, 3, s. 83-85.

22. Hume, M. Catholics and Reproduction: A World View, Washington DC, Catholics for a Free Choice, 1997, p. 17.

23. Prudil, L., Pilka L. Právní a etické problémy asistované reprodukce – kazuistika. Čes Gynek, 2002, 64, s. 174.

Paediatric gynaecology Gynaecology and obstetrics Reproduction medicine

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