Analyses of LOH and expression in healthy gland, DCIS and invasive breast cancer gland


Authors: M. Zikán 1;  D. Pavlišta 1;  Z. Velenská 2;  D. Cibula 1
Authors‘ workplace: Onkogynekologické centrum, Gynekologicko-porodnická klinika 1. LF UK a VFN, Praha, přednosta prof. MUDr. A. Martan, DrSc. 1;  Ústav patologie 1. LF UK a VFN, Praha, přednosta prof. MUDr. C. Povýšil, DrSc. 2
Published in: Čes. Gynek.2009, 74, č. 2 s. 102-105
Category: Original Article

Overview

Objective:
To characterize molecular pattern differences (LOH and expression) between DCIS and invasive breast cancer.

Design:
Original paper.

Setting:
Oncogynecologic center, Clinic of Obstetrics and gynecology, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague and General Teaching Hospital, Prague.

Material and methods:
We analyzed LOH in 3 genes (BRCA1, BRCA2 and p53) and expression of 2 genes (VEGF and Bcl-2) in fresh frozen tissue samples of DCIS and invasive breast cancer. Each sample was evaluated by pathologist before sampling and analysis.

Results:
Molecular pattern analysis was performed in three types of tissue: healthy breast gland (65 samples), DCIS (25 samples) and invasive breast cancer (42 samples). LOH in BRCA1 was detected in 22.3% of invasive cancer samples and in 13.4% of DCIS; BRCA2 LOH in 32.1% of invasive cancer samples and in 14.1% of DCIS; p53 LOH in 35.6% of invasive cancer samples and in 33.2% of DCIS. VEGF was overexpressed in 15.3% of invasive cancer samples and in 8.3% of DCIS. Overexpression of Bcl-2 was detected in 13.2% of invasive breast cancer samples and in 7.1% of DCIS.

Conclusion:
We confirmed that substantial part of DCIS has molecular pattern similar to invasive cancer. These molecular changes could serve as potential markers of DCIS progression to invasive cancer or they could identify subgroup of DCIS with latent invasion.

Key words:
breast cancer, DCIS, LCIS, p53, BRCA1, BRCA2, Bcl-2, VEGF.


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Labels
Paediatric gynaecology Gynaecology and obstetrics Reproduction medicine

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