Sacubitril-valsartan (LCZ696) in the treatment of heart failure


Authors: J. Vítovec 1;  L. Špinarová 1;  J. Špinar 2
Authors‘ workplace: I. interní kardioangiologická klinika LF MU a FN u sv. Anny v Brně 1;  Interní kardiologická klinika LF MU a FN Brno 2
Published in: Kardiol Rev Int Med 2016, 18(2): 125-128

Overview

New dual antagonist for receptors for AII (ARB) and neprilysin, generic name sacubitril-valsartan (LZC696) or angiotensin receptor blocker and neprilysin inhibitor (ARNI), was experimentally and clinically tested for the treatment of hypertension and heart failure. The treatment draws on the positive clinical effects of ARB and experimentally proven effects of the inhibition of vasodilatating natriuretic peptide decomposition. In the PARAMOUNT study in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), LCZ696 reduced NT-pro BNP concentration to a greater extent than did valsartan at 12 weeks and was well tolerated. The PARADIGM-HF study was discontinued early, showing that LCZ696 was clearly superior to enalapril, with a 20% reduction of the risk of death and hospitalisation for heart failure. PARAGON-HF will assess the effect of LCZ696 on the outcomes concerning cardiovascular death and total –  first and recurrent –  HF hospitalisations in patients with HFpEF.

Keywords:
enalapril –  neprilysin –  heart failure –  sacubitril-valsartan – LCZ696 –  valsartan


Sources

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Labels
Paediatric cardiology Internal medicine Cardiac surgery Cardiology
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