Hereditary Form of Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura

Authors: I. Hrachovinová;  Š. Rittich;  P. Salaj;  J. Suttnar;  J. E. Dyr;  T. Šuláková 1;  J. Pták 1;  P. Ďulíček 2;  T. Seeman 3
Authors‘ workplace: Ústav hematologie a krevní transfuze, Praha ;  FNsP, Ostrava 1;  FN, Hradec Králové 2;  Pediatrická klinika FNM, Praha 3
Published in: Čas. Lék. čes. 2006; 145: 390-392
Category: Original Article


Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura is characterized by microvascular platelet clumping resulting in thrombocytopenia, microangiopathic hemolysis, neurological abnormality, and renal dysfunction. Similar manifestations also occur in patients with the hemolytic uremic syndrome or other types of disorders. Recent studies demonstrate that severe deficiency of the von Willebrand factor cleaving metalloprotease, ADAMTS13, causes thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura. Aim of our study was to characterize gene defects causing inherited type of disease. 

Methods and Results.
We investigated nine patients with recurrent type of disease with familiar origin and twelve relatives. Samples were taken in a remission of disease. We measured activity of ADAMTS13 (vWF-CP) with modified method of the quantitative immunoblotting of degraded vWF multimers. Mutation screening was carried out by sequencing all 29 exons and flanking intron regions of the ADAMTS13 gene. Five distinct mutations were found. Three of them are novel. 

Mutation analysis of the ADAMTS13 gene brought interesting results in eight patients. We found a one single base frameshift insertion, 4143insA in 8 of 9 unrelated individuals. This investigation represents an advantage in the differential diagnosis of disease since the thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura phenotype in childhood can be variable and rapid detection of mutation is helpful for the recurrence prevention. 

Key words:
thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, ADAMTS13, vWF – cleaving protease, mutations.

Addictology Allergology and clinical immunology Angiology Audiology Clinical biochemistry Dermatology & STDs Paediatric gastroenterology Paediatric surgery Paediatric cardiology Paediatric neurology Paediatric ENT Paediatric psychiatry Paediatric rheumatology Diabetology Pharmacy Vascular surgery Pain management fenix.admin.empty
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