Multiple myeloma


Authors: I. Špička;  M. Klánová
Authors‘ workplace: I. interní klinika –  klinika hematologie 1. lékařské fakulty UK a VFN Praha, přednosta prof. MU Dr. Marek Trněný, CSc.
Published in: Vnitř Lék 2013; 59(7): 627-630
Category:

Overview

Multiple myeloma is one of the most common hematological malignancies with increasing prevalence. Not until the introduction of 1 or 2 cycles of high‑dose therapy with the support of hematopoietic cells meant a certain progress in the prognosis of patients. The radical change in the therapy efficiency was not made possible until the so‑ called new or targeting drugs –  thalidomide, bortezomib and lenalidomide. The 2 latter preparations have particularly changed the approach to the disease itself from one of the least prognostically favourable hematological tumours to a long‑term controllable malignancy with a potential to treat at least some of the patients. Currently, 3 ways of further progress towards more efficient treatment methods are under investigation: a) maintenance or consolidation treatment aimed at further intensification of therapeutic response, b) combination of targeting drugs and c) efficiency of the “second generation” targeting drugs.

Key words:
multiple myeloma –  bortezomib –  lenalidomide –  carfilzomib


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Diabetology Endocrinology Internal medicine
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