Evolution and evolutionary theory for physicians. IX. Evolutionary psychology


Authors: F. Koukolík
Authors‘ workplace: Oddělení patologie a molekulární medicíny ;  Národní referenční laboratoř prionových chorob ;  Fakultní Thomayerova nemocnice s poliklinikou, Praha ;  Primář: MUDr. František Koukolík DrSc.
Published in: Prakt. Lék. 2010; 90(9): 511-514
Category: Editorial

Overview

Evolutionary psychology attempts to explain human behavior in terms of psychological adaptations which evolved during milions of years to solve recurrent adaptive problems of our evolutionary ancestors. Examples of these problems are:

– incest taboo,

– food preference,

– ingroup interactions,

– outgroup relations,

– detection of free-riders and defectors in cooperative groups,

– different male and female strategy in struggle for mates.

There exist a number of evolutionary psychology predictions tested so far. Among limits of contemporary evolutionary psychology explanations are homosexuality, suicide and individual and cultural variability.

Key words:
evolutionary psychology, psychological adaptations, adaptive problems.


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