News in the field of 2nd generation of basal insulin analogs in type 1 diabetes and data from continuous glucose monitoring


Authors: Peter Novodvorský 1,2
Authors‘ workplace: metabolické centrum s. r. o., Trenčín 1;  Department of Oncology & Metabolism, Medical School, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom 2
Published in: Diab Obez 2021; 21(41): 23-28
Category:

Overview

Therapy with insulin represents the mainstay of type 1 diabetes (T1D) management. Insulin is mostly administered via multiple daily insulin/injections (MDI) regimen or via continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII), the so-called insulin pump. The 2nd generation of basal insulin analogs – insulin glargin 300 U/ml and insulin degludec – are the newest basal insulins on the market. Their efficacy and safety in the management of T1D has been proven in number of randomized controlled trials (RCT) as well as by the real-world evidence (RWE) studies. Yet, there is paucity of robust data examining their efficacy and safety assessed by the continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) metrics. This paper looks at the current available evidence on the efficacy and safety of the 2nd generation of basal insulin analogs assessed by the CGM technology and concludes with the design of the already ongoing ‘InRange‘ RCT which compares the efficacy and safety of insulin glargin 300 U/ml and insulin degludec via CGM metrics in an adult population with DM1T.

Keywords:

basal insulin – continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) – hypoglycaemia – insulin degludec – insulin Glargine 300 U/ml – nocturnal hypoglycaemia – real-world evidence (RWE) study – type 1 diabetes (T1D)


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