Longitudinal monitoring of somatic parameter changes in children during adolescence


Authors: P. Kutáč
Authors‘ workplace: Katadra studií lidského pohybu, Centrum diagnostiky lidského pohybu, Ostravská univerzita, Ostrava
Published in: Čes-slov Pediat 2017; 72 (7): 421-428.
Category: Original Papers

Overview

Objective:
Analysis and assessment of the development of basic anthropometric parameters and body composition of children at the age from 11 to 14.

Methods:
The research group included 120 participants (60 boys and 60 girls). At the beginning of the research, the average age of boys was 11.4±0.5 and of girls 11.0±0.2. They were individuals without any medical issues who do not perform any regular organised physical activity. The parameters measured were body height (BH), total body mass (BM), total body fat representation (BF), representation of body fat in the individual body segments, and total body water representation (TBW). Body height was measured by anthropometer Tanita HR 001; body weight and body composition were measured by the BIA analyser, Tanita BC 418 MA.

Results:
Each year, there was a statistically and practically significant increase in BH both in boys and girls. This increase also corresponded with BM development, which was reflected in the BMI values. Boys in all age categories had lower body fat representation, both in the whole-body and segmental analysis. With increasing age, BF representation in boys decreased while it increased in girls. This development was also reflected in TBW representation where it increased in boys with increasing age, and decreased in girls.

Conclusion:
There is a distinct sexual differentiation in somatic parameters after the age of 12. An exception is the percentage representation of body fat and total body water where sexual differences are obvious at the age of 11. When compared with the values of 6.CAV, the mean values of basic anthropometric parameters of the monitored participants were average (Ni ±0.75 SD).

Keywords:
body height, body weight, body composition, senior school age, statistical significance, practical significance


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Labels
Neonatology Paediatrics General practitioner for children and adolescents
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