Possibilities of reducing pain in children on the psychosocial level

Authors: K. Kicková ;  L. Lacinová
Authors‘ workplace: Institut výzkumu dětí, mládeže a rodiny, Fakulta sociálních studií, Masarykova univerzita, Brno? vedúci pracoviska prof. PhDr. P. Macek, CSc.
Published in: Čes-slov Pediat 2015; 70 (4): 232-238.
Category: Review


Presented study provides a brief overview of the knowledge about the specific features of pain experience in children, factors affecting this pain experience and possibilities of pain reduction at the psychosocial level. Pain is a complex perceptual experience which is manifested at the biological, psychological and social level. For the child, pain is a significant source of stress and that is why it is important to reduce pain intensity, using every possible way.

Many factors influencing experienced pain intensity in children are discussed in this review. These include developmental level, past experiences with pain, behavioral patterns taken in the family, approach of medical staff and relatives during painful procedures, the attachment between mother and child or perceived painfull procedure-related fear and anxiety.

In the last section, methods that are effective in reducing experienced pain are reviewed, as for example explanation, relaxation, conversation, demonstration of procedure, presence and physical contact with a parent or influence of pleasant environment. The review concludes with recommendations for practice.

Key words:
pain in children, factors influencing experience of pain, psychosocial level of pain, pain reduction


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Neonatology Paediatrics General practitioner for children and adolescents
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