Anti-Saccharomyces Cerevisiae Antibodies (ASCA) and Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibodies(ANCA) in Children and Adolescents with Inflammatory Bowel Diseases

Authors: J. Nevoral 1;  V. Valtrová 1;  R. Kotalová 1;  O. Nyč 2;  J. Bartůňková 3;  P. Tláskal 1
Authors‘ workplace: I. dětská klinika 2. LF UK a FN Motol, Praha1přednosta doc. MUDr. J. Janda, CSc. Ústav lékařské mikrobiologie 2. LF UK a FN Motol, Praha2přednostka doc. MUDr. A. Součková, CSc. Ústav imunologie 2. LF UK a FN Motol, Praha3přednostka doc. MUDr. J. Bartůňkov
Published in: Čes-slov Pediat 2003; (5): 291-293.


Background and aims:
Serological assays are desirable for the diagnosis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)in the paediatric age group. The aim of this study was to test the diagnostic accuracy of assays for perinuclearantineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) and anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibodies (ASCA) in patientswith ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn’s disease (CD).Methods: Assessment of pANCA and ASCA was performed using the standardized indirect immunofluorescencetechnique and ELISA, respectively. Serum samples were obtained from 41 patients with CD (15.4 ± 3.4 yearsof age) and from 33 patients with UC (16.0 ± 3.9 years of age).Results: The positive pANCA test alone yielded 82% a sensitivity and 83% specificity for UC. PositiveASCA-IgA and ASCA-IgG yielded 44% sensitivity and 100% specificity for CD. The combination of negativepANCA and positive ASCA-IgA and ASCA-IgG yielded 37% sensitivity and 100% specificity for CD. PositivepANCA and negative ASCA-IgA and ASCA-IgG yielded 61% sensitivity and 95% specificity for UC. One fifth ofall patients was serologically completely negative.Conclusion: ASCA and pANCA assays are highly disease specific for CD and UC, respectively. A combinationof both tests may help clinicians to facilitate their clinical decision when the diagnosis of IBD is initially uncertain.The test can help in diagnosing and categorizing patients with ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease.

Key words:
anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibodies (ASCA), antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA),inflammatory bowel diseases, Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, children and adolescents

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Neonatology Paediatrics General practitioner for children and adolescents

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Czech-Slovak Pediatrics

2003 Issue 5

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