Comparison of quality of life of patients treated for SUI by surgical approaches AJUST and TVT-O – a 3-month results from randomized trial


Authors: M. Smažinka 1;  K. Švabík 2;  P. Hubka 2;  El. R. Haddad 2;  J. Mašata 2
Authors‘ workplace: Gynekologicko-porodnická klinika LF UK a FN, Plzeň, přednosta doc. MUDr. Z. Novotný, CSc. 1;  Gynekologicko-porodnická klinika 1. LF UK a VFN, Praha, přednosta prof. MUDr. A. Martan, DrSc. 2
Published in: Čes. Gynek.2015, 80, č. 3 s. 196-203

Overview

Objective:
The aim of this study is to compare quality of life in 3-month follow-up after the use of transobturator tape TVT-O and single incision tape AJUST in the treatment of urodynamic stress urinary incontinence (USI).

Design:
Randomized trial.

Setting:
Gynekologicko-porodnická klinika LF UK a FN Plzeň, Gynekologicko-porodnická klinika 1. LF UK a VFN Praha.

Materials and methods:
Between May 2010 and May 2012 100 women with proven urodynamic stress urinary incontinence were included in this randomized trial. These patients were randomly chosen and devided into two group: 50 patients for TVT-O procedure and 50 patients for AJUST procedure. All of the patients underwent a complete urogynecological examination prior to the actual procedure (clinical examination, urodynamic examination, ultrasound examination) and filled in ICIQ-SF and iQol questionnaires. After the surgery, the patients satisfaction was evaluated by visual analoque scale (VAS) and Likert scale and by ICIQ-SF and iQol questionnaires. The intensity and length of postoperative pain was monitored using the visual analogue scale. The patients underwent an examination after 3 months.

Results:
In both groups of participants no significant differences regarding age, BMI, parity, history of surgery for gynecological disorders, were found. Preoperative urodynamic, ICIQ-SF and iQol parameters were also not significantly different. In the 3-month follow-up 48 participants from TVT-O group and 50 participants from the AJUST group were monitored. No statistically significant differences in subjective and objective parameters were found. Subjectively stress incontinence was not present in 97.9% in the TVT-O and 96.0% in the group AJUST. Objectively stress test was negative in 93.8% in the TVT-O and 94% in group AJUST. By evaluating the ICIQ and iQol were found no statistical differences in the quality of life in both operating groups.

Conclusion:
At 3-months follow up we did not find any statistical difference between subjective and objective outcome for single incision tape AJUST and TVT-O. In the AJUST group lower intensity and shorter duration of postoperative pain were observed.

Keywords:
TVT-O, AJUST, iQol, ICIQ, urodynamic stress urinary incontinence, Qaulity of life


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Labels
Paediatric gynaecology Gynaecology and obstetrics Reproduction medicine

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