RHD genotyping from cell-free fetal DNA circulating in pregnant women peripheral blood and sensitivity assessment of innovated diagnostic approaches for introduction into the clinical practice

Authors: J. Böhmová 1;  R. Vodička 1;  M. Lubušký 1,2;  M. Studničková 3;  I. Holusková 3;  R. Vrtěl 1;  R. Kratochvílová 1;  M. Frydrychová 1;  E. Krejčiříková 1;  H. Filipová 1
Authors‘ workplace: Ústav lékařské genetiky a fetální medicíny FN a LF UP, Olomouc, přednosta prof. MUDr. J. Šantavý, Ph. D. 1;  Porodnicko-gynekologická klinika FN a LF UP, Olomouc, přednosta prof. MUDr. R. Pilka, Ph. D. 2;  Transfuzní oddělení FN a LF UP, Olomouc, vedoucí MUDr. D. Galuszková, Ph. D., MBA 3
Published in: Ceska Gynekol 2013; 78(1): 32-40


Introduction of fetal RHD genotyping from cell-free fetal DNA circulating in the peripheral blood of pregnant women to clinical practice. Sensitivity assessment of innovated method using range of dilution series and internal control of amplification.

Procedure creating of noninvasive determination of fetal RHD genotyping from blood plasma of pregnant women. Detection of limit of minority representation RHD+/- sample in the RHD-/- sample.

University Hospital Olomouc, Institute of Medical Genetics and Fetal Medicine, Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Transfusion Department.


  1. TaqMan Real-Time PCR without an internal amplification controls.
  2. Optimization and calibration of RHD genotyping using RHD multiplex by TaqMan Real-Time PCR with an internal amplification control and by minisequencing (Snapshot – multiplex) with an internal amplification controls.


  1. RHD positive or negative fetuses were determined by amplification curves from Real-Time PCR system that matches the parameters for the evaluation of the output data using series of amplification and contamination parallel controls.
  2. TaqMan based Real-Time PCR and minisequencing (SNaPshot) based quantification were able to detect 0.22% of artificial RHD+/- sample diluted in RHD-/- sample. In addition, SNaPshot assay is suitable for heterozygozity and homozygozity recognition.

Current established and routinely used procedure is based on the detection of exon 7 of the RHD gene and on the series of parallel amplification and contamination controls. Both newly developed methods could be, after validation of the larger set of control samples, introduced into clinical practice.

RHD genotyping – cell-free fetal DNA – maternal plasma – TaqMan Real-Time PCR – SNaPshot – minisequencing


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Paediatric gynaecology Gynaecology and obstetrics Reproduction medicine

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