Assessment of the Spiritual Needs of Patients in Palliative Care


Authors: E. Hajnová Fukasová 1,2;  R. Bužgová 1;  Feltl D.  1 3
Authors‘ workplace: Ústav ošetřovatelství a porodní asistence, LF OU v Ostravě 1;  Klinika onkologická LF OU a FN Ostrava 2;  Ústav zobrazovacích metod, LF OU v Ostravě 3
Published in: Klin Onkol 2015; 28(1): 13-19
Category: Review
doi: 10.14735/amko201513

Overview

The appraisal and the right diagnostics of all needs and problems of patients, including the spiritual needs, are unavoidable for increase of the quality of the all-embracing nursing care. In the case of satisfying of the needs of the patients, it is important to have view the person as a unity of thebody and the soul. Identification and satisfying of the spiritual needs are not uncomplicated; moreover, spirituality does not have a target­­ed and clear definition. In the palliative care, the solution and saturation of spiritual needs have a great priority, and it can be the key aspect of psychological activity. Also, medical experts are becoming aware of the meaning of spirituality as the part of psychological contentment more and more. Smaller importance is attached to measurement of spiritual needs, and in many medical institutions ends at the case history with the questions: “Are you a believer?”, “Do you have any spiritual needs?”. Spirituality and religion are very personal matters of every human. Many patients turn to religion to find answers to difficult questions while others find support through the spiritual beliefs outside the scope of organized religion. Mistaking of meanings of the spirituality and religionism can lead to many misunderstandings. The basic condition for the right diagnostics and satisfaction of spiritual needs are the definition of the used terms and using of standardized measurement devices in the clinical praxis. The target of summarizing study was to define the term of spirituality, to describe a lot of measurement devices these are suitable for the evaluation of human spiritual needs. For methodology for acquiring of the results of research works that are concerned with the questions of spiritual needs in case of the incurable patients, the following databases were used (2005–2013): EBSCO, Bibliographia Medica Čechoslovaca, Google Scholar, Solen – www.solen.cz, Profese on-line as the source of the data. The choice of studies were as follows the systematic overview, the summarizing essay, the qualitative and quantitative study.

Key words:
spirituality – religion – spiritual needs – palliative care

The authors declare they have no potential conflicts of interest concerning drugs, products, or services used in the study.

The Editorial Board declares that the manuscript met the ICMJE “uniform requirements” for biomedical papers.

Submitted:
16. 6. 2014

Accepted:
27. 11. 2014


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