Lingua Geographica

Authors: P. Schwarz;  P. Komínek
Authors‘ workplace: Otorinolaryngologická klinika FN Ostrava přednosta doc. MUDr. P. Komínek, Ph. D., MBA
Published in: Otorinolaryngol Foniatr, 58, 2009, No. 4, pp. 246-247.
Category: Case History


Lingua geographica (migratory glossitis) is a nonspecific disease of unknown etiology, sometimes of familial occurrence (2). Prevalence of the disease is between 1 and 1.8%, a higher prevalence is observed in children from Japan (8%) and Israel (14%). Prevalence decreases with increasing age especially after thirty years of life, the incidence in nonsmokers is substantially lower than in smokers (5). Atopic or allergic diseases, on the other hand, significantly increase the probability of occurrence of migratory glossitis (7, 8).

Key words:
lingua geographica, allergic disease, atopia, filiform papillae.


1. Fenerli, A., Papanicolaou, S., Papanicolaou, M., Laskaris, G.: Histocompatibility antigens and geographic tongue. Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, 76, 1993, s. 476-478.

2. Joseph, B. K., Savage, N. W.: Tongue pathology. Clinics in Dermatology, Elsevier Science Inc., 18, 2000, s. 613-618

3. Laskaris, G.: Pocket atlas of oral diseases, 2nd edition, Athéna,Thieme, 2006, s. 22-23.

4. Lier, G. C., Mrowietz, U., Wolfart, M., Warnke, P. H., Wiltfang, J., Springer, I. N. G.: Psoriasis of the tongue. Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery, 37, 2009, s. 51-53.

5. Miloglu, O., Göregen, M., Akgül, H. M., Acemoglu, H.: The prevalence and risk factors associated with benign migratory glossitis lesions in 7619 Turkish dental outpatients. Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, 107, 2009, s. 29-32.

6. Plačková, A., Škach, M.: The ultrastructure of geographic tongue. Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, 40, 1975, s. 760-768.

7. Redman, R. S.: Prevalence of geographic tongue, fissured tongue, median rhomboid glositis, and hairy tongue among 3,611 Minnesota schoolchildren. Prevalence of Tongue Anomalies, 30, 1970, s. 390-395.

8. Richardson, E. R.: Incidence of geographic tongue and mediam rhomboid glositis in 3,319 Negro college students. Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, 26, 1968, s. 623-625.

Audiology Paediatric ENT ENT (Otorhinolaryngology)
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