Classification of Dysarthrias from the Neurophysiological Aspect

Authors: M. Lašťovka
Authors‘ workplace: Foniatrická klinika 1. LF UK a VFN, Praha, přednosta prof. MUDr. M. Lašťovka, DrSc.
Published in: Otorinolaryng. a Foniat. /Prague/, , 2003, No. 1, pp. 33-36.


The authors discuss in the introduction of their review the historical development ofviews on dysarthrias as impaired motor disorder of speech and submit to the reader variousclassifications of dysarthrias from the clinical and neurophysiological aspect. In their opinion theneurophysiological aspect of the development of dysarthrias must be fully respected. Some theoreticalclassifications are not sufficiently systematic for clinical practice. The authors submit thereforetheir own classification which implies classification into spastic dysarthria, extrapyramidal,cerebellar and bulbar dysarthria, respecting the site of its origin. The suggested pattern has theadvantage that it fully respects the neurophysiological basis of the genesis of the disease and at thesame time makes orientation for therapeutic purposes possible where treatment has a predominantlyrehabilitation character.

Key words:
dysarthria, motor disorder of speech, neurophysiological aspect, classification of dyarthrias.

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Audiology Paediatric ENT ENT (Otorhinolaryngology)
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