The relationship between sleep and obesity: current perspective


Authors: Zlata Piskáčková;  Martin Forejt;  Lucie Martykánová
Authors‘ workplace: Masarykova univerzita v Brně, Ústav preventivního lékařství, Lékařská fakulta
Published in: Čas. Lék. čes. 2012; 151: 279-285
Category: Review Articles

Overview

Disruption of circadian rhythms negatively affects regulation of metabolism and energy homeostasis. Disrupted metabolism in response to disrupted biological rhythms might lead, together with genetic background, to obesity and to other health complications. Results of epidemiologic surveys are consistent with mechanistic theory showing the interconnection between the biological rhythms, sleep and metabolism. Epidemiologic surveys confirm that sleep duration of less than 6 hours increases significantly the risk of obesity. Systematic reviews of epidemiologic surveys examining association of sleep and obesity refer to large heterogeneity in involved subjects, methodological approaches of measuring obesity and sleep, and confounders. Design of study plays also essential role in interpretation and definition of causal relationship. Reduced sleep duration in relation to obesity is in the literature discussed from different points of view: 1. as a possible primary cause of obesity, 2. as a result of comorbidities resulting from obesity and 3. as an accompanied part of the third factor contributing to obesity (e.g. long working hours, chronic emotional stress, overusing of media). Causal relationship between sleep and obesity is not yet fully elucidated, however the association is supposed to be bidirectional. The article gives an overview of current knowledge concerning the influence of sleep on the development of obesity and points to the critical points of current research.

Key words:
sleep, sleep duration, obesity, body mass index.


Sources

1. Ogden CL, Carroll MD. 2010. Prevalence of overweight, obesity, and extreme obesity among adults: United States, trends 1960–1962 through 2007–2008. http: //www.cdc.gov/ nchs/data/hestat/obesity_adult_07_08/obesity_adult_07_08.pd.

2. Knutson KL, et al. The metabolic consequences of sleep deprivation. Sleep Med Rev 2007; 11: 163–178.

3. National Sleep Foundantion. 2009 Sleep in America™ Poll Highlights & Key Findings. http: //www.sleepfoundation.org/ sites/default/files/2009%20Sleep%20in%20America%20SOF%20EMBARGOED.pdf.

4. Wyse CA, et al. Circadian desynchrony and metabolic dysfunction; did light pollution made us fat? Med Hypotheses 2011; 77: 1139–1144.

5. Buxton OM, et al. Short and long sleep are positively associated with obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease among adults in the United States. Soc Sci Med 2010; 71: 1027–1036.

6. Grandner MA, et al. Mortality associated with short sleep duration: The evidence, the possible mechanisms, and the future. Med Rev 2010; 14: 191–203.

7. Hainer V, et al. Role of hereditary factors in weight loss and its maintenance. Physiol Res 2008; 58: S1–S15.

8. Zanquetta MM, et al. Body weight, metabolism and clock genes. Diabetol Metab Syndr 2010; 16: 53.

9. Maury E, et al. Circadian rhythms and metabolic syndrome: from experimental genetics to human disease. Circ Res 2010; 106: 447–462.

10. Illnerová H, et al. Vnitřní časový systém. Psychiatr prax 2008; 9: 230–233.

11. Froy O. Metabolism and circadian rhythms – implications for obesity. Endocr Rev 2010; 31: 1–24.

12. Morris CJ, et al. Circadian system, sleep and endocrinology. Mol Cell Endocrinol 2012; 349: 91–104.

13. Nevšímalová S, Šonka K, et al. Poruchy spánku a bdění. Praha: Galén 2007.

14. Grandner MA, et al. Problems associated with short sleep: bridging the gap between laboratory and epidemiological studies. Sleep Med 2010; 14: 239–247.

15. Van Cauter E, et al. Sleep and the epidemic of obesity in children and adults. Eur J Endocrinol 2008; 159: S59–S66.

16. Patel SR, et al. Short sleep duration and weight gain: a systematic review. Obesity 2008; 16: 643–653.

17. Cappuccio FP, et al. Meta-analysis of short sleep duration and obesity in children and adults. Sleep 2008; 31: 619–626.

18. Marschall NS, et al. Is sleep duration related to obesity? A critical review of the epidemiological evidence. Sleep Med Rev 2008; 12: 289–298.

19. Magee L, et al. Longitudinal associations between sleep duration and subsequent weight gain: a systematic review. Sleep Med Rev 2011; doi: 10.1016/j.smrv.2011.05.005.

20. Gangwisch JE. Epidemiological evidence for the links between sleep, circadian rhythms and metabolism. Obes Rev 2009; 10: 37–45.

21. Chaput JP. Short sleep duration promoting overconsumption of food: a reward-driven eating behavior? Sleep 2010; 33: 1135–1136.

22. Magee CA, et al. Examining the pathways linking chronic sleep restriction to obesity. J Obes 2010; doi: 10.1155/ /2010/821710.

23. Nielsen LS, et al. Short sleep duration as a possible cause of obesity: critical analysis of the epidemiological evidence. Obes Rev 2011; 12: 78–92.

24. Magee CA, et al. A link between chronic sleep restriction and obesity: methodological considerations. Public Health 2008; 122: 1373–1381.

25. St-Onge MP, et al. Gender differences in the association between sleep duration and body composition: The Cardia Study. Int J Endocrinol 2010; doi: 10.1155/2010/726071.

26. Buscemi D, et al. Short sleep times predict obesity in internal medicine clinic patients. J Clin Sleep Med 2007; 3: 681–688.

27. Watanabe M, et al. Association of short sleep duration with weight gain and obesity at 1-year follow-up: a large-scale prospective study. Sleep 2010; 33: 161–167.

28. Lauderdale DS, et al. Cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between objectively measured sleep duration and body mass index. Am J Epidemiol 2009; 170: 805–813.

29. EuroMISE Centrum Univerzity Karlovy a Akademie věd ČR. Zavádějící faktory. http://ucebnice.euromise.cz/index.php? conn=0§ion=epidem&node=node32.

30. Knutson KL, et al. Trends in the prevalence of short sleepers in the USA: 1975–2006. Sleep 2010; 33: 37–45.

31. Magee CA, et al. Short sleep mediates the association between long work hours and increased body mass index. J Behav Med 2011; 34: 83–91.

32. Di Milia L, et al. The association between job related factors, short sleep and obesity. Ind Health 2009; 47: 363–368.

33. Vgontzas AN, et al. Short sleep duration and obesity: the role of emotional stress and sleep disturbances. Int J Obes 2008; 32: 801–809.

34. Bjorvatn B, et al. The association between sleep duration, body mass index and metabolic measures in the Hordaland Health Study. J Sleep Res 2007; 16: 66–76.

35. Magee L, et al. Re: “Cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between objectively measured sleep duration and body mass index: The Cardia Sleep Study”. Am J Epidemiol 2010; 171: 745.

36. Patel SR. Invited commentary: Understanding the role of sleep. Am J Epidemiol 2009; 170: 814–816.

37. Bin YS, et al. Secular trends in adult sleep duration: A systematic review. Sleep Med Rev 2011; http://www. sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1087079211000736.

38. Horne J. Obesity and short sleep: unlikely bedfellows? Obes Rev 2011; 12: e84–e94.

39. Horne J. Short sleep is a questionable risk factor for obesity and related disorders: Statistical versus clinical significance. Biol Psychol 2008; 77: 266–276.

40. Chaput JP. Short sleep duration as a cause of obesity: myth or reality? Obes Rev 2011; 12: e2–e3.

41. Bollinger T, et al. Sleep, immunity, and circadian clocks: a mechanistic model. Gerontology 2010; 56: 574–580.

42. King CR, et al. Short sleep duration and incident coronary artery calcification. JAMA 2008; 300: 2859–2866.

43. Mezick EJ, et al. Are sleep and depression independent or overlapping risk factors for cardiometabolic disease? Sleep Med Rev 2011; 15: 51–63.

44. Loprinzi PD, et al. Association between objectively-measured physical activity and sleep, NHANES 2005–2006. Ment Health Phys Act 2001; 4: 65–69.

45. Sucharda P. Obezita a kouření. Postgrad Med 2002; 4: 413–415.

46. Padilha HG, et al. A link between sleep loss, glucose metabolism and adipokines. Braz J Med Biol Res 2011; 44: 992–999.

Labels
Addictology Allergology and clinical immunology Angiology Audiology Clinical biochemistry Dermatology & STDs Paediatric gastroenterology Paediatric surgery Paediatric cardiology Paediatric neurology Paediatric ENT Paediatric psychiatry Paediatric rheumatology Diabetology Pharmacy Vascular surgery Pain management fenix.admin.empty
Login
Forgotten password

Don‘t have an account?  Create new account

Forgotten password

Enter the email address that you registered with. We will send you instructions on how to set a new password.

Login

Don‘t have an account?  Create new account