Lung metastases as the first manifestations of occult medullary microcarcinoma


Authors: J. Mačák 1;  J. Dvořáčková 1;  J. Mačáková 2;  P. Vlček 3
Authors‘ workplace: Ústav patologie Lékařské fakulty OU a FN Ostrava, přednostka prim. MU Dr. Jana Dvořáčková, Ph. D., MIAC 1;  Katedra fyziologie a patofyziologie Lékařské fakulty OU Ostrava, přednosta doc. RNDr. Pavol Švorc, CSc. 2;  Klinika nukleární medicíny a endokrinologie 2. lékařské fakulty UK a FN Motol Praha, přednosta prof. MU Dr. Petr Vlček, CSc. 3
Published in: Vnitř Lék 2013; 59(4): 317-320
Category: Case Reports

Overview

The article is concerned with medullary microcarcinoma of the thyroid. Similarly to medullary macrocarcinoma, this may metastasize to distant sites. Reported is a case of a 54‑year- old male who had suffered from chest tightness and dry irritating cough. Chest X‑ray showed small nodules with poorly- defined borders of unknown etiology. Lung bio­psy was performed, which detected amyloid- rich neuroendocrine carcinoma. Examination of the thyroid was recommended to confirm or rule out suspected medullary carcinoma. The bio­psy examination also suggested G1 and G2 primary neuroendocrine carcinoma of the lung or diffuse idiopathic pulmonary neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia. Numerous examinations using imaging methods (CT, MRI, PET– CT) were carried out with no positive results in the thyroid. Despite that, thyroidectomy was performed. Subsequent bio­psy examination revealed medullary microcarcinoma sized 0.6 cm. Apart from lung metastases, tumor lesions were found in cervical lymph nodes. This case is an example of a close cooperation between a pathologist and a clinician –  endocrinologist. Based on serum calcitonin levels, this may aid in differential diagnosis.

Key words:
medullary microcarcinoma –  lung metastases –  cervical lymph nodes metastases –  immunohistological examination


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Labels
Diabetology Endocrinology Internal medicine

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Internal Medicine

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