Oxidative stress in patients after kidney transplantation


Authors: J. Vostálová 1;  A. Galandáková 1;  P. Štrebl 2;  J. Zadražil 2
Authors‘ workplace: Ústav lékařské chemie a bio­chemie Lékařské fakulty UP Olomouc, přednostka prof. RNDr. Jitka Ulrichová, CSc. 1;  III. interní nefrologická, revmatologická a endokrinologická klinika Lékařské fakulty UP a FN Olomouc, přednosta prof. MU Dr. Josef Zadražil, CSc. 2
Published in: Vnitř Lék 2013; 59(4): 296-300
Category: Review

Overview

Successfull kidney transplantation (KT) leads not only to normalization of renal excretory function, but also to modification of the metabolic and endocrine kidney function. The most common cause of morbidity and mortality in patients after KT are cardiovascular diseases which development is also associated with oxidative stress (OS). KT and the post‑transplantation period are associated with increased OS that could gradually decrease. Some immunosuppressive drugs also contribute to increase of OS, especially compounds from a group of calcineurin inhibitors and thus indirectly contribute to increased risk of cardiovascular complications.

Key words:
oxidative stress –  renal transplantation –  ischemia/ reperfusion injury –  immunosuppressive agents


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Labels
Diabetology Endocrinology Internal medicine

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