Laparoscopic cholecystectomy for cholecystolithiasis and its complications. Retrospective 1-year analysis of 411 patients


Authors: M. Ryska;  H. Kvičerová;  V. Vlasák
Authors‘ workplace: Přednosta: Prof. MUDr. Miroslav Ryska, CSc. ;  Chirurgická klinika 2. LF UK a ÚVN Praha
Published in: Prakt. Lék. 2007; 87(12): 732-735
Category: In diferent

Overview

Background:
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LCHE) is the method of choice for the treatment of symptomatic cholelithiasis and its complications. The authors set out to analyze outcomes of cholecystectomy over a one-year period, the conversion percentage, their reasons and early postoperative complications.

Material and methods:
411 cholecystectomies were performed in the Department of Surgery at the 2nd Medical School, of Charles University and at The Central Military hospital in Prague within a one year period (2005), 296 of them by laparoscopic approach. Classic cholecystectomies was performed in 101 patients from a total number of 115 operations as a part of more extensive abdominal operations: during GIT operation, pancreas resection, liver resection, operations for benign and malign affections of extrahepatic bile duct, during operations for colorectal malignity, and operation for malign icterus with construction of palliative biliodigestive anastomosis. 14 cholecystectomies were carried out classically for cholelithiasis and its inflammatory complications or upon suspicion of gallbladder tumour.

Results:
In 29 patients (9.8 % from 296 laparoscopic operations), conversion from laparoscopy to open operation was necessary. In one patient after conversion, early re-operation for subphrenic abscess and punction of right pleural exudates was needed. We noticed wound infection in 32 cases (10.8 %). Fluid at the site of paraumbilical video port installation occurred in 18 patients (6.8%). Secondary wound healing at the other incisions occurred in 17 patients (4.7 %), with co-incidence of fascia dehiscence in 2 cases (0.69 %). We identified biliary leak in one case (0.33 %), but this stopped spontaneously following prolonged drainage. We noted extended postoperative gut paresis (until the 5th postoperative day) in 2 patients, this also spontaneously subsided. In our group of patients, we did not note perioperative bile duct injury, and no patients died following the procedure.

Key words:
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy, complications of laparoscopic cholecystectomy, conversion.


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