Invasive pneumococcal diseases in Slovakia in years 1997–2015


Authors: E. Bottková 1,3;  K. Králinský 2,4;  L. Maďarová 1;  C. Klement 1,3;  M. Avdičová 1;  S. Feiková 4;  M. Mačaj 5;  Ľ. Perďochová 6;  H. Hudečková 7
Authors‘ workplace: Regionálny úrad verejného zdravotnictva, Banská Bystrica, regionálny hygienik a vedúci prof. MUDr. C. Klement, CSc. 1;  II. Klinika pediatrickej anesteziológie a intenzívnej medicíny SZU, Detská fakultná nemocnica s poliklinikou, Banská Bystrica, prednosta prof. MUDr. K. Králinský, PhD. 2;  Fakulta verejného zdravotníctva, Slovenská zdravotnícka univerzita, Bratislava, dekanka doc. MUDr. Š. Moricová, PhD. MPH, mim. prof. 3;  Fakulta zdravotníctva, Slovenská zdravotnícka univerzita, Banská Bystrica, dekanka doc. PhDr. B. Frčová, PhD., MPH 4;  ORL oddelenie, Nemocnica Sv. Michala, Bratislava, primár doc. MUDr. P. Doležal, CSc., mim. prof. 5;  HPL, spol. s. r. o., Bratislava, vedúci oddelenia bakteriológie RNDr. P. Pavlík, MHA 6;  Ústav verejného zdravotníctva, Jesseniova lekárska fakulta v Martine, Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Martin, vedúca ústavu prof. MUDr. H. Hudečková, PhD., MPH 7
Published in: Čes-slov Pediat 2016; 71 (7-8): 354-360.
Category: Original Papers

Overview

Aim of the study:
The aim of the study is to summarize epidemiological situation and to evaluate surveillance progress of invasive pneumococcal diseases (IPD) in Slovakia during the time period 1997–2015.

Methods:
The analysis of epidemiological situation regarding IPD in years 1997–2015 and results of laboratory testing of S. pneumoniae strains isolated from invasive pneumococcal diseases in years 2008–2010 and 2011–2015 in Slovakia. HPL laboratories network determined serotypes of invasive bacterial isolates from 51 patients (quellung reaction) during 2008–2010. NRC diagnosed 317 bacterial isolates respectively biological materials (latex agglutination, quellung reaction, multiplex PCR) during 2011–2015.

Results:
The highest IPD incidence in years 1997–2015 was noted in age groups of 0 year children, 1–4 year children and persons over 65 years. Invasive S. pneumoniae strains were most commonly isolated from hemoculture and CSF. The most frequent causal serotypes of IPD in 2008–2015 were 3, 19A, 14 and 7F.

Conclusions:
Average IPD incidence in Slovakia in years 2011-2015 represents 1.25/100 000 and still is influenced by underreporting. Ongoing and continuous monitoring of causal ser otypes causing IPD remains necessary.

Key words:
Streptococcus pneumoniae, invasive pneumococcal diseases, vaccination, serotypes


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Labels
Neonatology Paediatrics General practitioner for children and adolescents
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