Breakfast as a body mass determinant in children at the of 9–10 years

Authors: I. Klimešová 1;  K. Neumannová 2;  M. Šlachtová 2
Authors‘ workplace: Katedra přírodních věd v kinantropologii, Fakulta tělesné kultury UP, Olomouc vedoucí prof. RNDr. M. Janura, Ph. D. 1;  Katedra fyzioterapie, Fakulta tělesné kultury UP, Olomouc vedoucí prof. MUDr. J. Opavský, CSc. 2
Published in: Čes-slov Pediat 2013; 68 (4): 246-250.
Category: Original Papers


There is presently no doubt of the fact that body mass is an important determination of human health. Moreover, it has become obvious that key factors in the regulation of weight include foodways and extent of motion activity. Our study of foodways paid particular attention to breakfast.

The aim of the study was to determine relationship between the frequency of breakfast consumption and body mass index (BMI, kg/m2) in school children at the age of 9–10 years. Furthermore, we evaluated whether the custom of regular breakfasts is influenced by gender or whether there is a difference between children of town and village schools.

The research group consisted of 149 children at the age of 9 to 10 years (82 boys and 67 girls). The BMI value was calculated from precisely measured values of stature and weight of children and subsequently evaluated according to age percentile diagrams. The frequency of breakfast consumption and their composition was determined by a questionnaire created specifically of this study.

The data were analyzed by the Pearson chi square tests and a Spearman correlation. The results of our study made it clear that the frequency of breakfast consumption ius one of the determinants of BMI value independently of sex. Regular breakfast was reported by 52.4% of children. Most children with normal weight had their breakfast in this way (70.5%), children with underweight had their breakfast in 42.1%, whereas children with overweight in 8.6%. Therefore, in the cohort under observation, regular breakfast consumption did not only mean a lower risk of overweight, but also the risk of lower than normal weight. There was not any difference in the frequency of breakfast consumption between the town and village schools.

Key words:
breakfast, BMI, overweight, obesity, maintaining body weight, nutrition in children


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Neonatology Paediatrics General practitioner for children and adolescents

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