Inhalational anesthetics in current anesthetic practice

Authors: T. Gabrhelík 1;  K. Nekvindová 1
Authors‘ workplace: Oddělení anesteziologie, resuscitace a intenzivní medicíny, Krajská nemocnice Tomáše Bati, a. s., Zlín 1
Published in: Anest. intenziv. Med., 31, 2020, č. Supplementum A, s. 17-21


Inhalational anesthetics are used for induction and maintenance of general anesthesia in the operating room. The volatile anesthetics (halothan, isoflurane, desflurane, and sevoflurane) are liquids and nitrous oxide is gas under normal temperature and pressure. All inhalational anesthetics provide dose-dependent amnesia and immobility, except for nitrous oxide, which also provides analgesia. This review article brings information about effects on organs, clinical use of the currently used anesthetics, their advantages and limitations.


inhalational anesthetics – nitrous oxide – isoflurane – sevoflurane – desflurane


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