Educational possibilities in water and electrolyte dysbalances

Authors: A. Jabor;  A. Kazda
Authors‘ workplace: Oddělení klinické biochemie Nemocnice Kladno, vedoucí prim. MUDr. Antonín Jabor, CSc. Katedra klinické biochemie IPVZ Praha, vedoucí prof. MUDr. Miroslav Engliš, DrSc.
Published in: Anest. intenziv. Med., , 1999, č. 4, s. 157-161


The authors present their comprehensive approach to evaluation of water and electrolyte dysbalances based upon synthesis of Siggard-Andersenmodel (Sodium-Potassium Double Chart), Shoker’s clearance approach [evaluation of ADH-kidney axis using electrolyte free water clearance (EWC)]and clinical evaluation of necessary input parameters (hydratation state, estimation of potassium stores). The addition of own algorithms enables theprediction of patient condition after water and salt supplementation. Comprehensive approach has a priority, while based on feasible models.Educational aspects have a capacity to be applied in real clinical situations.

Key words:
sodium cation – potassium cation – ADH – kidneys – electrolyte-free water clearance

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Anaesthesiology, Resuscitation and Inten Intensive Care Medicine
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