Malignant tumors of vulva


Authors: L. Minář;  J. Kümmel;  J. Chovanec
Authors‘ workplace: Gynekologicko-porodnická klinika LF MU a FN Brno
Published in: Prakt Gyn 2009; 13(3): 148-152

Overview

Malignant tumors of vulva constitute 3–4% of gynecological malignancies. They can be successfully treated and if they are recognized at an early stage, are often remediable. Squamous cell cancer of vulva (accounts for approximately 90% of cases) is divided into two basic types according to etiology. Type I is associated with HR-HPV infection and risk factors are similar to those of cervical cancer, for type II play a key role accumulated genetic mutations in the context of higher age and chronic irritation in the field non neoplastic disorders of vulva. Prognosis of disease depends on the particular stage of the disease, is also very important age and performance status of patients, which are factors that limit optimal extent surgical treatment as an essential therapy. Treatment options are derived depending on the stage of disease. Surgical treatment or radiotherapy are highly effective in the early stages. Radiotherapy is a method of choice in advanced stages. Chemotherapy for locally advanced cancer of vulva may be indicated as neoadjuvant therapy in order to create conditions for the subsequent radical surgical performance, by disseminated forms of the disease is used with the intention palliative.

Key words:
vulvar cancer – etiology – therapy


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Labels
Paediatric gynaecology Gynaecology and obstetrics Reproduction medicine
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