Incisional Hernia Following Laparoscopy, Complicated by Perforated Gangrenic Appendicitis – A Case Review

Authors: M. Černá;  R. Šulc;  D. Kacerovská
Authors‘ workplace: Chirurgická klinika FN a LF UK v Plzni, přednosta: prof. MUDr. Vladislav Třeška, DrSc. ;  Patologicko-anatomický ústav FN a LF UK v Plzni, přednosta: prof. MUDr. Michal Michal
Published in: Rozhl. Chir., 2011, roč. 90, č. 9, s. 519-522.
Category: Monothematic special - Original


Acute appendicitis is the commonest cause of acute abdomen. Early indication for surgery – appendectomy, plays the key role in its therapy. The rate of incisional hernias (of all operated hernias) is high and they are, to a certain extent, caused by technical, mechanical factors and the patient himself.

The authors present a case review of a female patient, presenting with atypical urgent abdomen, who was hospitalized with a diagnosis of advanced absces of the abdominal wall, resp. strangulated incisional hernia. Surgical revision confirmed that the condition was caused by perforated gangrenous appendicitis incisional hernia following laparoscopy.

Acute appendicits is a very rare complication of the incisional hernia, and it is practically impossible to make its diagnosis based on clinical examination. Its diagnosis may be facilitated using visualization examination methods, however, its final diagnosis can only be made during surgical revision indicated for progressing acute abdomen.

Key words:
acute appendicitis – incisional hernia – Amyandęs hernia – abdominal wall cellulitis – acute abdomen


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