Voice Range Profile Parameters in Diagnostics and Voice Research

Authors: M. Frič
Authors‘ workplace: Výzkumné centrum hudební akustiky, Hudební a taneční fakulta Akademie múzických umění v Praze vedoucí Ing. Z. Otčenášek, Ph. D.
Published in: Otorinolaryng. a Foniat. /Prague/, 62, 2013, No. 4, pp. 201-208.
Category: Survey Articles


The measurement of the voice range profile (VRP) is a basic acoustic method used for the evaluation of dynamic and frequency ranges of the voice. The study provides an overview of knowledge about measurement and parameterization of VRP and their relationship with voice disorders, voice training, gender and age. In the study there are schematically shown typical phenomena observed on VRPs of voice professionals and beginning students of acting from the previous study (10) of the author. The study is also a theoretical introduction to the follow-up study investigating the manifestations of voice disorders on the VRP measurement in men.

voice range profile, acoustic method, voice training


1. Airainer, R., Klingholz, F.: Quantitative evaluation of phonetograms in the case of functional dysphonia. J. Voice, roč. 7, 1993, č. 2, s. 136-141.

2. Akerlund, L., Gramming, P.: Average loudness level, mean fundamental frequency, and subglottal pressure: comparison between female singers and nonsingers. J. Voice, roč. 8, 1994, č. 3, s.263-270.

3. Akerlund, L., Gramming, P., Sundberg, J.: Phonetogram and averages of sound pressure levels and fundamental frequencies of speech: Comparison between female singers and nonsingers. J. Voice, roč. 6, 1-1-1992, č. 1, s. 55-63.

4. Awan, S. N.: Phonetographic profiles and Fo-SPL characteristics untrained versus trained vocal groups. J. Voice, roč. 5, 1991, č. 1, s. 41-50.

5. Awan, S. N.: Superimposition of speaking voice characteristics and phonetograms in untrained and trained vocal groups. J. Voice, roč. 7, 1993, č. 1, s. 30-37.

6. Bihari, A., Meszaros, K., Remenyi, A., Lichtenberger, G.: Voice quality improvement after management of unilateral vocal cord paralysis with different techniques. Eur. Arch. Otorhinolaryngol., roč. 263, 2006, č. 12, s. 1115-1120.

7. Böhme, G., Stuchlik, G.: Voice profiles and standard voice profile of untrained children. J. Voice, roč. 9, 1995, č. 3, s. 304-307.

8. D'haeseleer, E., Depypere, H., Claeys, S., Wuyts, F. L., Bau-donck, N., Van Lierde, K. M.: Vocal characteristics of middle-aged premenopausal women. J. Voice, roč. 25, 2011, č. 3, s. 360-366.

9. Eckley, C. A., Sataloff, R. T., Hawkshaw, M., Spiegel, J. R., Mandel, S.: Voice range in superior laryngeal nerve paresis and paralysis. J. Voice, roč. 12, 1998, č. 3, s. 340-348.

10. Frič, M.: Porovnání hlasových parametrů hlasových polí u hlasových profesionálu a zacínajících studentů herectví. Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium Materiál -Acoustics – Place 2008, roč. 2008, s. 47-52.

11. Frič, M., Kadlecová, K. A.: Porovnání vlastností a parametrů hlasu pěvecky trénovaných a netrénovaných žen. Akustické listy, roč. 18, 2012, č. 2-3, s. 5-24.

12. Fröhlich, M., Michaelis, D., Strube, H. W., Kruse, E.: Acoustic voice analysis by means of the hoarseness diagram. J. Speech Lang Hear. Res., roč. 43, 2000, č. 3, s. 706-720.

13. Gramming, P.: Vocal loudness and frequency capabilities of the voice. J. Voice, roč. 5, 1-1-1991, č. 2, s. 144-157.

14. Hacki, T.: Comparative speaking, shouting and singing voice range profile measurement: physiological and pathological aspects. Logoped. Phoniatr. Vocol, roč. 21, 1996, č. 3-4, s. 123-129.

15. Henrich, N., Doval, B., Castellengo, M.: On the use of electroglottography for characterisation of the laryngeal mechanisms. Proceedings of the Stockholm Music Acoustics Conference, August 6-9, 2003 (SMAC 03), Stockholm, SwedenON, roč. 2003, s. 455-458.

16. Heylen, L., Wuyts, F. L., Mertens, F., De Bodt, M., Van de Heyning, P. H.: Normative voice range profiles of male and female professional voice users. J. Voice, roč. 16, 2002, č. 1, s.1-7.

17. Holmberg, E. B., Ihre, E., Sodersten, M.: Phonetograms as a tool in the voice clinic: changes across voice therapy for patients with vocal fatigue. Logoped. Phoniatr. Vocol., roč. 32, 2007, č. 3, s. 113-127.

18. Hunter, E. J., Svec, J. G., Titze, I. R.: Comparison of the produced and perceived voice range profiles in untrained and trained classical singers. J. Voice, roč. 20, 2006, č. 4, s. 513-526.

19. Ikeda, Y., Masuda, T., Manako, H., Yamashita, H., Yamamoto, T., Komiyama, S.: Quantitative evaluation of the voice range profile in patients with voice disorder. Eur. Arch. Otorhinolaryngol., roč. 256, 1999, č. 1, s. S51-S55.

20. Kovacic, G., Budanovac, A.: Acoustic characteristics of adolescent actors' and non-actors' voices. Folia Phoniatr. Logop., roč. 54, 2002, č. 3, s. 125-132.

21. Lamarche, A., Ternstrom, S., Pabon, P.: The singer's voice range profile: female professional opera soloists. J. Voice, roč. 24, 2010, č. 4, s. 410-426.

22. Lamesch, S., Doval, B., Castellengo, M.: Toward a more informative voice range profile: the role of laryngeal vibratory mechanisms on vowels dynamic range. J. Voice, roč. 26, 2012, č. 5, s. 672-672.

23. LeBorgne, W. D., Weinrich, B. D.: Phonetogram changes for trained singers over a nine-month period of vocal training. J. Voice, roč. 16, 2002, č. 1, s. 37-43.

24. Leino, T., Laukkanen, A. M., Ilomaki, I., Maki, E.: Assessment of vocal capacity of Finnish university students. Folia Phoniatr. Logop., roč. 60, 2008, č. 4, s. 199-209.

25. Li, N. Y. K., Yiu, E. M.: Acoustic and perceptual analysis of modal and falsetto registers in females with dysphonia. Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, roč. 20, 2006, č. 6, s. 463-481.

26. Ma, E., Robertson, J., Radford, C., Vagne, S., El-Halabi, R., Yiu, E.: Reliability of speaking and maximum voice range measures in screening for dysphonia. J. Voice, roč. 21, 2007, č. 4, s. 397-406.

27. Ma, E. P., Yiu, E. M.: Multiparametric evaluation of dysphonic severity. Journal of voice. Official Journal of the Voice Foundation, roč. 20, 2006, č. 3, s. 380-390.

28. McAllister, A., Sederholm, E., Sundberg, J., Gramming, P.: Relations between voice range profiles and physiological and perceptual voice characteristics in ten-year-old children. J. Voice, roč. 8, 1994, č. 3, s. 230-239.

29. Pabon, P., Ternstrom, S., Lamarche, A.: Fourier descriptor analysis and unification of voice range profile contours: method and applications. J. Speech Lang Hear. Res., roč. 54, 2011, č. 3, s. 755-776.

30. Schneider, B., Bigenzahn, W.: Influence of glottal closure configuration on vocal efficacy in young normal-speaking women. J. Voice, roč. 17, 2003, č. 4, s. 468-480.

31. Schneider, B., Bigenzahn, W.: How we do it: voice therapy to improve vocal constitution and endurance in female student teachers. Clin. Otolaryngol., roč. 30, 2005, č. 1, s. 66-71.

32. Schneider-Stickler, B., Knell, C., Aichstill, B., Jocher, W.: Biofeedback on voice use in call center agents in order to prevent occupational voice disorders. J. Voice, roč. 26, 2012, č. 1, s. 51-62.

33. Schutte, H. K., Seidner, W.: Recommendation by the Union of European Phoniatricians (UEP): standardizing voice area measurement/phonetography. Folia Phoniatr.(Basel), roč. 35, 1983, č. 6, s. 286-288.

34. Šiupšinskiene, N.: Quantitative analysis of professionally trained versus untrained voices. Medicina (Kaunas.), roč. 39, 2003, č. 1, s. 36-46.

35. Speyer, R., Wieneke, G. H., van Wijck-Warnaar, I., Dejoncke­re, P. H.: Effects of voice therapy on the voice range profiles of dysphonic patients. J. Voice, roč. 17, 2003, č. 4, s. 544-556.

36. Sulter, A. M., Schutte, H. K., Miller, D. G.: Differences in phonetogram features between male and female subjects with and without vocal training. J. Voice, roč. 9, 1995, č. 4, s. 363-377.

37. Sulter, A. M., Wit, H. P., Schutte, H. K., Miller, D. G.: A structured approach to voice range profile (phonetogram) analysis. J. Speech Hear. Res., roč. 37, 1994, č. 5, s. 1076-1085.

38. Verdonck-de Leeuw, I. M., Mahieu, H. F.: Vocal aging and the impact on daily life: a longitudinal study. J. Voice, roč. 18, 2004, č. 2, s. 193-202.

39. Wingate, J. M., Brown, W. S., Shrivastav, R., Davenport, P., Sapienza, C. M.: Treatment outcomes for professional voice users. J. Voice, roč. 21, 2007, č. 4, s. 433-449.

40. Wuyts, F. L., Heylen, L., Mertens, F., Du, Caju M., Rooman, R., Van de Heyning, P. H., De, Bodt M.: Effects of age, sex, and disorder on voice range profile characteristics of 230 children. Ann. Otol. Rhinol. Laryngol., roč. 112, 2003, č. 6, s. 540-548.

Audiology Paediatric ENT ENT (Otorhinolaryngology)
Forgotten password

Don‘t have an account?  Create new account

Forgotten password

Enter the email address that you registered with. We will send you instructions on how to set a new password.


Don‘t have an account?  Create new account