The authors summarize the results of examinations by means of otoacoustic emissions(OAE) during screening of hearing defects in neonates were elaborated. The investigation evaluatedthe results assembled at the department of normal neonates and the neonatological unit of intensivecare of the Faculty Hospital in Brno. During the three-year investigation period (1996 - 1998) a totalof 560 children were examined, incl. 326 normal ones and 234 at risk. The authors submit theassembled result and suggest an algorithm of the screening procedure. They discuss the problem ofblanket introduction of this examination and its conditions. TeOAE appears to be a suitablescreening examination with regard to the time it requires, and its validity when the technique andinterpretation of the examination are mastered.