Diabetes mellitus and dementia


Authors: I. Tůma
Authors‘ workplace: Psychiatrická klinika Lékařské fakulty UK a FN Hradec Králové, přednosta prof. MUDr. Jan Libiger, CSc.
Published in: Vnitř Lék 2012; 58(4): 305-308
Category: Reviews

Overview

Patients with diabetes are at increased risk of developing cognitive impairment in comparison with the general population. Diabetes mellitus increases the risk of dementia (vascular and/or neurodegenerative). Diabetes accelerates the progression from mild cognitive impairment to dementia. It has been estimated that type 2 diabetes or impairment of glucose metabolism might be present in up to 80% of patients with Alzheimer disease. The cognitive dysfunction is associated with poorer ability in diabetes self-care and decreased adherence to antidiabetic treatment.

Key words:
diabetes mellitus – cognition – dementia – Alzheimer disease


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Labels
Diabetology Endocrinology Internal medicine
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