Dysphagia associated with neurological disorders


Authors: M. Vališ 1;  L. Šimůnek 1;  V. Chrobok 2;  Z. Pavelek 1;  M. Černý 2;  E. Ehler 3;  P. Kunc 1
Authors‘ workplace: Univerzita Karlova v Praze, Lékařská fakulta a Fakultní nemocnice Hradec Králové ;  Neurologická klinika Přednosta: doc. MUDr. Martin Vališ, Ph. D. 1;  Klinika otorinolaryngologie a chirurgie hlavy a krku Přednosta: prof. MUDr. Viktor Chrobok, CSc., Ph. D. 2;  Univerzita Pardubice, Fakulta zdravotnických studií Krajská nemocnice Pardubice, a. s., Neurologická klinika Přednosta: doc. MUDr. Edvard Ehler, CSc. 3
Published in: Prakt. Lék. 2014; 94(6): 254-258
Category: Various Specialization

Overview

A swallowing disorder, also known as dysphagia, is usually a consequence or a complication of other diseases. An incorrect appraisal of swallowing function can give rise to an aspiration and a risk of death. It can also result in deterioration in a state of health because of malnutrition and dehydration. In the introduction of this article there is described a correct course of the act of swallowing and an elementary classification of swallowing disorders. This article deals with dysphagia in neurological disorders. There are discussed causes and appropriate treatment of swallowing problems in strokes, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, Guillain-Barré syndrome, muscular dystrophies and inflammatory myopathies.

Keywords:
dysphagia – swallowing act – logopaedics – aspiration


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