Diabetic nephropathy: epidemiology and diagnosis

Authors: Terézia Pázmanová;  Peter Ponťuch
Authors‘ workplace: IV. interná klinika Lekárskej fakulty UK a UNB, Nemocnica sv. Cyrila a Metoda, Bratislava, prednosta prof. MUDr. Peter Ponťuch, CSc.
Published in: Forum Diab 2013; 2(2): 117-121


Absolute pandemic increase in diabetes prevalence which mirrors the increase of late diabetic complications, is seen worldwide. Today diabetic nephropathy is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease in Europe and USA. The first clinical manifestation of diabetic kidney disease is microalbuminuria, which also predict increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality of diabetic patients. That is the reason why screening and early detection of microalbuminuria, and also regular assessment of renal function in diabetic population are the key point of dia­gnosis and prevention diabetic nephropathy.

Key words:
diabetes mellitus – diabetic nephropathy – diagnosis of diabetic nephropathy – microalbuminuria


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Diabetology Endocrinology Internal medicine
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