Tinea capitis


Authors: M. Skořepová
Authors‘ workplace: Dermatovenerologická klinika 1. LF UK a VFN Praha přednosta prof. MUDr. Jiří Štork, CSc.
Published in: Čes-slov Derm, 83, 2008, No. 6, p. 293-297
Category: Reviews (Continuing Medical Education)

Overview

Tinea capitis represented the most important dermatomycological diagnosis in Europe during the 19th century and the first quarter of the 20th century. Because of serious social problems the rigorous anti-epidemic measures were introduced in advanced countries that together with discovery of griseofulvin in the 1960 contributed towards almost complete disappearance of this disease in Central Europe. Since the eighties of the 20tth century the incidence of tinea capitis has been rising. In America and some parts of Europe it becomes a health problem again. Zoophilic dermatophyte Microsporum canis is the main causative agent in the Czech Republic and neighbouring countries. Antropophilic dermatophyte Trichophyton tonsurans is the most common causative agent in the USA. Trichophyton rubrum, as newly emerging pathogen, can also be detected. Due to different biological behaviour of particular etiological agents the diverse therapeutic and preventive hygienic measures must be taken.

Key words:
tinea capitis – diagnosis – therapy


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Labels
Dermatology & STDs Paediatric dermatology & STDs
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