Urinary tract infections in women – possibilities of differentiated approach in treatment and prevention


Authors: J. Kladenský
Authors‘ workplace: Urologická ambulance, Dům zdraví, Brno
Published in: Čes. Gynek.2012, 77, č. 1 s. 5-9
Category: Original Article

Overview

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are among the most urgent health problems for which women in working age see their physician (whether the general practitioner, urologist or gynecologist). The most common manifestation of UTIs in women is acute uncomplicated cystitis the diagnosis and treatment of which is usually straightforward. When selecting an appropriate antimicrobial agent, it is advisable to consider its pharmacokinetics, expected spectrum of efficacy and effect on the vaginal flora. Short-term therapy of three to five days is preferred. In women with recurrent cystitides, it is necessary, in addition to performing comprehensive urological examination to rule out functional or anatomic abnormalities, to perform urine culture and targeted treatment according to sensitivity. The review article presents differentiated options of treatment and prevention of recurrent infections with both antimicrobial agents and regimen measures as well as preparations not included in the group of antimicrobial agents; however, when correctly indicated, their administration may bring long-term relief to these women. The article also deals with complicated infections in women and asymptomatic bacteriuria in elderly women.

Key words:
acute uncomplicated cystitis, recurrent cystitis, complicated urinary tract infection, asymptomatic bacteriuria.


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Labels
Paediatric gynaecology Gynaecology and obstetrics Reproduction medicine

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