Methylation of selected tumor-supressor genes in benign and malignant ovarian tumors


Authors: M. Cuľbová 1;  Z. Lasabová 2;  A. Štanclová 2;  P. Tilandyová 2;  P. Žúbor 1;  R. Fiolka 1;  J. Danko 1;  J. Višňovský 1
Authors‘ workplace: Gynekologicko-pôrodnícka klinika JLF UK a UNM, Martin, prednosta prof. MUDr. J. Danko, CSc. 1;  Ústav molekulovej biológie, Vrútky, prednostka RNDr. Z. Lasabová, Ph. D. 2
Published in: Čes. Gynek.2011, 76, č. 4 s. 274-279

Overview

Objective:
To evaluate the usefullness of examination of methylation status of selected tumor-supressor genes in early diagnosis of ovarian cancer.

Design:
Prospective clinical study.

Setting:
Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Department of Molecular Biology, Jessenius Medical Faculty, Commenius University, Martin, Slovak Republic.

Methods:
In this study we analyzed hypermethylation of 5 genes RASSF1A, GSTP, E-cadherin, p16 and APC in ovarian tumor samples from 34 patients – 13 patients with epithelial ovarian cancer, 2 patients with border-line ovarian tumors, 12 patients with benign lesions of ovaries and 7 patients with healthy ovarian tissue. The methylation status of promoter region of tumor-supressor genes was determined by Methylation Specific Polymerase Chain Reaction (MSP) using a nested two-step approach with bisulfite modified DNA template and specific primers.

Results:
Gene methylation analysis revealed hypermethylation of gene RASSF1A (46%) and GSTP (8%) only in malignant ovarian tissue samples. Ecad, p16 and APC genes were methylated both in maignant and benign tissue samples. Methylation positivity in observed genes was present independently to all clinical stages of ovarian cancer and to tumor grades. However, there was observed a trend of increased number and selective involvement of methylated genes with increasing disease stages. Furthermore, there was no association between positive methylation status and histological subtypes of ovarian carcinomas.

Conclusion:
RASSF1A and GSTP promoter methylation positivity is associated with ovarian cancer. The revealed gene-selective methylation positivity and the increased number of methylated genes with advancing disease stages could be considered as a useful molecular marker for early detection of ovarian cancer. However, there is need to find diagnostic approach of specifically and frequently methylated genes to determining a methylation phenotype for early detection of ovarian malignancies.

Key words:
ovarian cancer, DNA methylation, early detection.


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Labels
Paediatric gynaecology Gynaecology and obstetrics Reproduction medicine
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