Vulvovaginitis. Occurrence and Importance of Mixed and Unclassifiable Pictures

Authors: Z. Líbalová 1;  P. Čepický 1;  J. Malina 2;  K. Stanslický 3;  M. Kuželová 1;  Z. Medalová 3;  K. Sosnová 1
Authors‘ workplace: Gynekologicko-porodnická ambulance LEVRET s. r. o., Praha, vedoucí MUDr. PhDr. P. Čepický, CSc. 1;  Mikrobiologická laboratoř, AESCULAB, s. r. o., Praha, vedoucí RNDr. J. Malina, CSc. 2;  Gynekologická ambulance, Praha, vedoucí MUDr. K. Stanslický 3
Published in: Čes. Gynek.2007, 72, č. 1 s. 32-37
Category: Original Article


To evaluate the occurrence of mixed and unclassifiable vulvovaginitis (i.e. those, which fulfill the diagnostic criteria of several diagnostic units or no diagnostic unit) in symptomatic and asymptomatic women.

Type of study:
Prospective study.

In 412 women (115 of them asymptomatic) the authors established the diagnosis of vulvovaginitis on the basis of gynecological examination, pH, the amine test and microscopic examination according to Giemsa and Gram.

Mycosis was diagnosed in 15.5% women (in 9,6% of asymptomatic ones), lactobacillosis in u 5.6% (in 7.0% of asymptomatic), anaerobic vaginosis in 10.7% (8.7% of asymptomatic), aerobic vaginitis in 7.7% women (4.3% of asymptomatic). U 15.0% mixed infections were diagnosed (in 61% asymptomatic). U 29.4% symptomatic women the diagnostic criteria were not fulfilled for any nosological unit.

Vulvovaginal mycosis, lactobacillosis, anaerobic vaginosis, aerobic vaginosis were considered as dysmicrobia conditions. The authors demonstrated a high occurrence of more units (“clear” diagnoses to “mixed” diagnoses being in the ratio of 1.62:1). The authors also demonstrated a high occurrence of mixed infections in asymptomatic women (36.0%). On the contrary, in 29.4% of symptomatic women the diagnosis could not be established, the findings being “normal” or “unclassifiable”.

Key words:
vulvovaginitis, mixed infections, mycosis, lactobacillosis, anaerobic vaginosis, aerobic vaginosis

Paediatric gynaecology Gynaecology and obstetrics Reproduction medicine

Article was published in

Czech Gynaecology

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