Recombinant Antibodies and Their Employment in Cancer Therapy


Authors: E. Růčková;  P. Müller;  B. Vojtěšek
Authors‘ workplace: Regionální centrum aplikované molekulární onkologie, Masarykův onkologický ústav, Brno
Published in: Klin Onkol 2015; 28(Supplementum 2): 52-59
doi: 10.14735/amko20152S52

Overview

Development of recombinant therapeutic antibodies is recently one of the fastest growing disciplines of applied biomedical research. Recombinant monoclonal antibodies are increasingly applied in biological therapy of many serious human diseases and are currently an irreplaceable part of a comprehensive cancer therapy. First mouse therapeutic antibodies had only limited applicability due to the strong immune response; however, technological advances enabled engineering of antibodies with increased specificity and efficacy, and on the other hand with reduced adverse effects due to lower antigenicity. This review provides a summary of knowledge about recombinant therapeutic antibodies, their mechanism of action and approaches how to improve their efficacy.

Key words:
antineoplastic agents – immunoglobulins – humanized monoclonal antibodies – therapeutic antibodies – recombinant antibodies

This study was supported by the European Regional Development Fund and the State Budget of the Czech Republic (RECAMO, CZ.1.05/2.1.00/03.0101), MEYS – NPS I – LO1413 and MH CZ – DRO (MMCI, 00209805).

The authors declare they have no potential conflicts of interest concerning drugs, products, or services used in the study.

The Editorial Board declares that the manuscript met the ICMJE “uniform requirements” for biomedical papers.

Submitted:
20. 4. 2015

Accepted:
26. 6. 2015


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Paediatric clinical oncology Surgery Clinical oncology
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