Contemporary Trends of the Adjutant Chemotherapy in Non‑ small Cell Lung Cancer


Authors: V. Kolek
Authors‘ workplace: Klinika plicních nemocí a tuberkulózy LF UP a FN Olomouc
Published in: Klin Onkol 2013; 26(4): 245-250
Category: Reviews

Overview

Background:
Adjuvant chemotherapy became a standard of treatment in completely resected non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) based on results of big trials meta-analyses, which proved its influence on the decrease of relative mortality risk and absolute improvement of survival. Adjuvant chemotherapy is routinely used according to tumor stage evaluation, performance status (PS) and age of the patients. It is indicated in stage II and IIIA of NSCLC– in frame of clinical studies also in stage IB, in PS 0–1 and in patients under 75 years. Therapy with cisplatin and vinorelbine is a preferred regimen, as well as other drugs, such as paclitaxel, docetaxel, gemcitabine and pemetrexed. The problem is a relatively small dose intensity applied, due to toxic side effects.

Aim:
The present work is evaluating contemporary trends of adjuvant therapy in NSCLC according to latest clinical studies, which are finished or running. Efforts are directed to the improvement of treatment effectiveness, decrease of side effects and refinement of patients selection. Potential treatment benefit of better tolerable carboplatin is verified and results of trials with biologically targeted therapy are expected. Large clinical studies are evaluating the effect of tyrosine kinase inhibitors and angiogenesis inhibitors used either in various combinations with chemotherapy or as monotherapy. Application of vaccines is tested.

Conclusion:
Contemporary trend of adjuvant therapy is leading to the appropriate patient selection with regard to analysis of several prognostic and predictive biomarkers; it is proposed that future adjuvant therapy will be more and more personalized.

Key words:
non-small cell lung cancer – early stage – adjuvant chemotherapy – molecular targeted therapy


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