Educational activities of nurses in patients after myocardial infarction – a review


Authors: J. Doležel;  D. Jarošová
Authors‘ workplace: Ústav ošetřovatelství a porodní asistence, LF OU, Ostrava
Published in: Kardiol Rev Int Med 2017, 19(3): 205-208

Overview

Introduction:
In recent years the basis of coronary heart disease prevention shifts from medical treatment to preventive non-pharmacological interventions. Education of patients after myocardial infarction leads to increased physical activity and healthier diet and consequently to a lower occurrence of stenocardia during daily activities.

Objective:
The aim of the survey study is to analyse the existing studies dealing with educational activities of nurses in patients after myocardial infarction.

Methods:
The search for studies was done in bibliographic databases by keyword and on the basis of input and exclusionary criteria.

Results:
The results of the review were focused on the evaluation of organizational forms of education, methods of education, used material didactic resources, the objectives of education, the results of the education, the length of education, educational history, content of education, subsequent checks in the wake of educational activities and monitored clinical outcomes.

Conclusions:
The findings should serve as a basis for the creation of educational materials for patients after myocardial infarction. The analysis of individual studies showed that such materials cannot rely on one source only, but specific information should be used from selected studies.

Keywords:
myocardial infarction – secondary prevention – education – lifestyle modification – nursing care


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Paediatric cardiology Cardiac surgery Cardiology
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