The most important diagnostic procedures in acute stroke


Authors: MUDr. Michal Reif;  MUDr. David Goldemund;  doc. MUDr. Robert Mikulík, Ph.D.
Authors‘ workplace: Mezinárodní centrum klinického výzkumu (ICRC) a Neurologická klinika FN u sv. Anny v Brně michal. reif@fnusa. cz
Published in: Kardiol Rev Int Med 2013, 15(1): 11-25
Category:

Overview

Stroke is the second leading cause of death and the leading cause of permanent disablement in elderly population worldwide. About 80% of all stroke cases are ischemic due to thrombotic or embolic artery occlusion. The rest of them are caused by hemorrhage. The rapid and precise diagnostic workup is crucial for the most effective treatment choice. The new possibilities of treatment (especially in ischemic stroke) lead to the need of quantitativly and qualitativly better data acquirement mostly from neuroimaging. The detailed knowledge of stroke imaging possibilities is recently necessary for stroke practitioners. This article describes mostly the diagnostic procedures in acute ischemic stroke and intracerebral hemorrage because those are the dominant issue in neurologic stroke care.

Keywords:
stroke – CT – MRI – ultrasound


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