Sudden death and sport


Authors: V. Vančura;  J. Bytešník
Authors‘ workplace: Klinika kardiologie, IKEM, Praha
Published in: Kardiol Rev Int Med 2007, 9(Mimořádné): 32-38
Category: Editorial

Overview

Sudden death during sporting activity is a relatively rare, but not unique phenomenon. Cases of sudden death have been recorded in both top and recreational sporting activities. Usually, it is caused by a structural heart disease, less often by a genetically determined disorder of the ion channel responsible for some of the typical, mostly hereditary diseases. Examination methods used in athletes should therefore be focused on the likely symptoms of such diseases, and once the diagnosis is confirmed, adequate restriction in the sporting activity should be recommended. Commotio cordis has recently occurred among the causes of death in sports stadiums, which can be prevented by protection pads.

Keywords:
sport – death in sport – ventricular extrasystolia – ventricular tachycardia – ventricular flutter and ventricular fibrillation – QT syndrome – short QT syndrome – Brugada syndrome – catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia – AVRC – Marfan syndrome – myocarditis – hypertrophic cardiomyopathy – valvular defects – coronary artery disease


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Labels
Paediatric cardiology Internal medicine Cardiac surgery Cardiology
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