Use of interactive education in undergraduate teaching of acute medicine: the virtual and standardised patient, operating theatre broadcasting

Authors: H. Harazim 1;  P. Štourač 2;  M. Kosinová 1;  O. Smékalová 1;  R. Štoudek 2;  D. Schwarz 3;  V. Rusňák 4;  M. Liška 5
Authors‘ workplace: Klinika anesteziologie, resuscitace a intenzivní medicíny, Lékařská fakulta Masarykovy univerzity, Fakultní nemocnice Brno, Brno 1;  Klinika dětské anesteziologie a resuscitace, Lékařská fakulta Masarykovy univerzity, Fakultní nemocnice Brno, Brno 2;  Institut biostatistiky a analýz, Lékařská fakulta Masarykovy univerzity, Brno 3;  Ústav výpočetní techniky, Masarykova univerzita, Brno 4;  CESNET, z. s. p. o., Praha 5
Published in: Anest. intenziv. Med., 26, 2015, č. 4, s. 202-212
Category: Anaesthesiology - Original Paper


Management of the critical patient in the undergraduate teaching of medicine is an important part of first aid, intensive care medicine and anaesthesiology. The aim of this paper is to present an overview of the interactive learning opportunities which are offered to students at the Medical Faculty of Masaryk University (MF MU): the use of the virtual patient (interactive algorithms, clinical scenarios), the standardised patient, skills training on patient models, simulators with an embedded computer model or videoconference streaming from operating theatres. These teaching methods have become part of undergraduate teaching of medicine, dentistry and nursing.

Since the year 2007, 43 interactive learning algorithms have been created at MF MU in the Czech-English version. The process of creation takes two semesters and is performed by groups of 2–3 students of medicine under the supervision of a physician. The created algorithm is in the form of a Flash object freely accessible online through the AKUTNE.CZ portal ( The clinical scenarios represent real cases of patients with severe sepsis hospitalized on ICUs participating in EPOSS (; Data-based evaluation and prediction of outcome in severe sepsis). Videoconference streaming from operating theatres to teaching rooms enables a large number of students to watch a rare surgical procedure without entering the operating theatre. Advanced patient simulator by CAE Healthcare® has been used for four years at MF MU to practice team leadership and communication skills in the subjects of first aid, intensive care medicine and emergency medicine.

We present an overview of methods that can enrich undergraduate education of acute medicine, along with instructions for their implementation into the curriculum.

e-learning – high fidelity simulation – live streaming – Team Based Learning (TBL) – Problem Based Learning (PBL) – Case Based Learning (CBL) –,


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Anaesthesiology, Resuscitation and Inten Intensive Care Medicine
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