Circulating and extracellular microRNAs as new diagnostic biomarkers for gynecological cancers


Authors: Luděk Záveský 1;  Eva Jandáková 2;  Radovan Turyna 3;  Lucie Langmeierová 4;  Vít Weinberger 5;  Luboš Minář 5
Authors‘ workplace: Ústav biologie a lékařské genetiky, 1. LF UK a VFN, Praha, přednosta doc. MUDr. Milada Kohoutová, CSc. 1;  Ústav patologie LF MU a FN Brno, přednosta doc. MUDr. Leoš Křen, Ph. D. 2;  Onkogynekologické centrum, Ústav pro péči o matku a dítě, Praha, vedoucí MUDr. Radovan Turyna, Ph. D. 3;  Fakultní transfuzní oddělení, VFN, Praha, primářka MUDr. Daniela Dušková 4;  Onkogynekologické centrum. Gynekologicko-porodnická klinika LF MU a FN Brno, vedoucí as. MUDr. Luboš Minář 5
Published in: Prakt Gyn 2014; 18(4): 275-280
Category: Oncogynecology: Original Article

Overview

Small, non-coding molecules of RNA, microRNAs, have been shown to participate in regulation of key biological processes in the cells. They regulate the expression at post-transcriptional level by binding to target mRNA, resulting in mRNA degradation or translation inhibition. The most recent investigations revealed that microRNAs may occur not only in the cells, but also in many body fluids. Differential expression of particular microRNAs is often associated with many pathological states. Therefore, the detection of deregulated microRNAs in diagnostically relevant samples such as blood, plasma/serum, or urine may become the basis for the establishment of novel diagnostic procedures. Finding alternative diagnostic biomarkers for gynecological cancers is the goal of many recent investigations. We present here the survey of novel circulating and extracellular microRNAs which have been found deregulated in ovarian cancer, endometrial cancer and cervical cancer, particularly in blood, plasma/serum and urine samples.

Key words:
diagnosis – cervical cancer – endometrial cancer – ovarian cancer – blood – microRNA – urine – plasma – serum


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Labels
Paediatric gynaecology Gynaecology and obstetrics Reproduction medicine
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