Lipový B., Řihová H., Kaloudová Y., Jonášek M., Suchánek I., Gregorová N., Brychta P.: Inhalation Trauma – History, Present and Future

Authors: B. Lipový 1,2;  H. Řihová 1;  Y. Kaloudová 1;  M. Jonášek 3;  I. Suchánek 1;  N. Gregorová 1;  P. Brychta 1,2
Authors‘ workplace: Klinika popálenin a rekonstrukční chirurgie FN Brno 1;  Lékařská fakulta Masarykovy Univerzity, Brno 2;  Klinika anesteziologie, resuscitace a intenzivní medicíny FN Brno 3
Published in: Otorinolaryng. a Foniat. /Prague/, 60, 2011, No. 1, pp. 51-57.
Category: Review Article


Inhalation trauma is defined as an acute affection of respiratory pathways caused by inhalation of burning products or steam. It also develops during irritation of respiratory pathways by various chemicals. The global interest in inhalation trauma was triggered by the tragic event in 1942 when 492 prevailingly young people died mostly as a consequence of inhalation trauma during the fire in a night club. The evolution of the care of patients with inhalation trauma underwent dramatic changes over the last 60 years (advances in early diagnostics of inhalation trauma, securing the respiratory pathways, correctly indicated lung ventilation and, especially, precise microbiologic surveillance not limited to the area of respiratory pathways) which significantly improved the chances for survival in patients with this type of damage. The review has been composed as the basic information guide to history, presence and vision into the future care of patients with inhalation trauma, approach to the diagnostics and therapy.

Key words:
inhalation trauma, diagnostics, therapy


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