Tracheotomy in Acute Conditions

Authors: M. Průcha;  I. Průcha;  A. Hahn;  J. Rosina *
Authors‘ workplace: Klinika ORL 3. LF UK a FNKV, Praha, přednosta doc. MUDr. A. Hahn, CSc. Ústav lékařské biofyziky 3. LF UK, Praha, přednosta doc. MUDr. J. Rosina *
Published in: Otorinolaryng. a Foniat. /Prague/, , 2002, No. 2, pp. 108-111.


In our survey we are concerned with indications and the technique of tracheotomy.Our group comprises 167 patients (119 males, 48 females) of the Faculty Hospital Královské Vinohrady who had tracheotomy in the period from October 1998 to July 2000. Most patients were 50 to70 years old. The reason for performing tracheotomy was both the necessity of long-term intubationand laryngotracheal obstruction. Most patients with tracheotomy performed because of the need oflong-term intubation were hospitalized in intensive care units, neurological, internal medicaldepartments and the centre for burned patients. Patients with the laryngotracheal obstruction werehospitalized predominantly at the otolaryngological clinic (29 patients). In thirteen patients temporary tracheotomy was carried out, in sixteen patients permanent tracheotomy. In our survery thesurgical tracheotomy was performed in most cases. Percutaneous dilatational tracheotomy, according to retrospective analysis, was carried out only in 3 patients.

Key words:
tracheotomy, tracheostomy, intubation.

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Audiology Paediatric ENT ENT (Otorhinolaryngology)
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