Lingua geographica in the general practitioner’s surgery


Authors: Anna Ščerbová 1;  J. Šrubař 1;  J. Stránský 1;  J. Štembírek 1,2,3
Authors‘ workplace: Klinika ústní, čelistní a obličejové chirurgie, Fakultní nemocnice Ostrava, Přednosta: MUDr. Jiří Stránský, Ph. D., MBA 1;  Ústav živočišné fyziologie a genetiky Akademie věd ČR, Brno, Laboratoř molekulární morfogeneze, Vedoucí: doc. RNDr. Marcela Buchtová, Ph. D. 2;  Ostravská univerzita v Ostravě, Lékařská fakulta, Katedra kraniofaciálních oborů, Vedoucí: prof. MUDr. Pavel Komínek, Ph. D., MBA 3
Published in: Prakt. Lék. 2021; 101(3): 131-134
Category: Reviews

Overview

The tongue is one of the most sensitive organs in the oral cavity. It participates in many of its functions, such as swallowing, chewing, speaking and breathing. As it is well accessible and easy to examine, it facilitates the easy recognition of multiple morphological units. One of these is the geographic tongue (also known as lingua geographica, erythema migrans, benign migratory glossitis), a benign recurrent lesion of unknown aetiology with a characteristic clinical picture. It manifests as multifocal round irregular lesions that are red in the middle with white slightly raised edges. The patient may be free of any complaints but may also complain of burning of the tongue or other discomfort. Although the lesion is benign and requires no treatment, the patient himself/herself or the general practitioner might suspect the presence of carcinoma. This paper presents the basic information and the current perspective of this morphological unit.

Keywords:

lingua geographica – mucosal disorders – oral cavity – orofacial oncology


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Labels
General practitioner for children and adolescents General practitioner for adults
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