Diabetes mellitus and arrhythmias


Authors: Gabriela Kaliská
Authors‘ workplace: Stredoslovenský ústav srdcových a cievnych chorôb, Banská Bystrica, primárka MUDr. Gabriela Kaliská, CSc.
Published in: Forum Diab 2015; 4(1): 41-44
Category: Topic

Overview

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is considered to be an important risk factor of cardiovascular disease and is known as equivalent of coronary artery disease. This fact is well-known by clinicians and is involved in management of diabetic patients. T2DM is associated with higher incidence of arrhythmias which have pathophysiologic connection to T2DM, its complications and management. The most frequent arrhythmias are atrial fibrillation (AF), sudden cardiac death and bradycardia. AF is the most common atrial arrhythmia. T2DM is an independent risk factor of thromboembolism, especially ischemic stroke, in patients with AF. Association of T2DM with AF increases morbidity, mortality, deteriorates quality of life, prolongs hospitalization and increases economic burden. This article focuses on differences between arrhythmias in diabetic patients and non-diabetic patients.

Key words:
arrhythmias – cardiovascular disease – diabetes mellitus


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Labels
Diabetology Endocrinology Internal medicine
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