Aggregometry in Secondary Prevention of Stroke. Aspirin Resistance


Authors: M. Fauknerová 1;  P. Osmančík 2;  M. Špaček 3;  L. Kejst 3;  P. Kalvach 1
Authors‘ workplace: FN Královské Vinohrady, Praha Neurologická klinika 3. LF UK 1;  FN Královské Vinohrady, Praha Kardiologická klinika 3. LF UK 2;  FN Královské Vinohrady, Praha Oddělení klinické hematologie 3
Published in: Cesk Slov Neurol N 2011; 74/107(5): 527-532
Category: Review Article

Overview

This paper reviews the principles of thrombocytic aggregation, available methods of measuring it and pitfalls in the interpretation of results obtained. A list of eight aggregometric methods provides descriptions of the evaluation of bleeding times, of optic and impedance whole blood aggregometry, of thrombelastography and flow cytometry, as well as describing measurements of urine levels of the metabolite thromboxan. We report how results depend on the way in which the aggregation is induced. Absolute aggregation remains, as yet, immeasurable. The effectiveness of prevention of atherosclerotic complications using anti-aggregation therapy is usually determined on the basis of studies that observe the impact of reduced thrombogenesis and emboligenesis on clinical outcome. Modifications in drug dosage are usually stipulated by such secondary and derived data. The intensity of aggregation readiness itself – due to difficulties in assessing it – plays only a minor role in these decisions and is only slowly achieving credibility. We also summarize current views on resistance to acetylsalicylic acid, which appears in two variants: clinical resistance and laboratory resistance. We conclude with an overview of future possibilities for monitoring aggregation.

Key words:
aggregometry – methods of measurement – aspirin – acetylsalicylic acid – resistance – stroke prevention – ischaemic stroke – thrombogenesis


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Labels
Paediatric neurology Neurosurgery Neurology

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Czech and Slovak Neurology and Neurosurgery

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